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The aim of this study was to investigate, by means of transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD), cerebrovascular reactivity during the Valsalva maneuver (VM) during the headache-free interval in patients with migraine (M), migraine plus tension-type headache (M+TTH), and migraine plus medication overuse headache (M+MOH). A total of 114 patients (n=60 M, n=38(More)
Transcranial Doppler examinations (TCD) of 24 brain-dead adult patients demonstrated persistent movement of blood within the middle cerebral arteries in 21. The characteristic pattern of Doppler shift frequencies, seen in 14, was a sharply contoured, brief anterograde systolic envelope with reversed diastolic flow. Five others had variants of this pattern,(More)
Migraine or tension-type headache lasting for several years is frequently complicated by chronic daily headaches. Those patients recurrently take analgesics or ergotamines. Headache induced by chronic ergotamine use is well known. Recent studies, however, have shown that a similar form of headache is caused by analgesic abuse. Treatment of drug-induced(More)
EMG analysis of the late exteroceptive suppression period of the temporal muscle activity is discussed as comparative methodology in the assessment of patients suffering from chronic tension-type headache and from migraineurs. After electrical perioral trigeminal nerve stimulation during maximum voluntary jaw occlusion, early (ES1) and late (ES2)(More)
The latency and duration of the early (ES 1) and late (ES 2) exteroceptive silent period of temporalis muscle activity were determined in 51 neurological patients. We investigated whether these electrophysiological parameters correlated with neuropsychological variables of the patients using standardized scores for personality index, state of well-being and(More)
In modification of a method published by Schoenen et al., early (ES 1) and late (ES 2) exteroceptive suppression periods elicited by perioral electrical trigeminus-stimulation during teeth-clenching were recorded with surface electrodes over the temporalis muscles. 29 patients with chronic tension headache, 20 with migraine, 7 patients with combined tension(More)
Nausea and rigidity of the neck muscles, typical symptoms of post-lumbar puncture syndrome (PPS), may also be found in patients suffering from chronic headache of the tension-type. A decreased duration of the late suppression period of temporal muscle activity indicating a central disturbance of pericranial muscle control, can be observed in these patients.(More)
Semantic dementia (SD) is a relatively rare primary degenerative brain disease, often with onset before the age of 65, which belongs to the group of frontotemporal lobar degenerations. The central characteristic of SD is a progressive loss of semantic knowledge with manifestation in aphasia as well as impaired face and object recognition. A reliable(More)