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BACKGROUND Perioperative beta-blockade has been shown to improve long-term cardiac outcome in noncardiac surgical patients. A possible mechanism for the reduced risk of perioperative myocardial infarction is the attenuation of the excitotoxic effects of catecholamine surges by beta-blockade. It was hypothesized that beta-blocker-induced alteration of the(More)
Steady-state and kinetic approaches were used to study the effects of cooling to 25 degrees C and nifedipine (1 microM) on the phasic and tonic responses to 0.3 and 10 microM carbachol (Carb) in isolated segments of epithelium-free guinea pig trachea. Cooling and nifedipine had no effect on the steady-state tensions of the contractile responses to Carb in(More)
An alteration in the handling of Ca2+ has been proposed as the pathogenic mechanism underlying the airway smooth muscle hyperresponsiveness of asthma. The present study tested the hypothesis that the altered responsiveness of receptor operated contraction to carbachol in allergic asthma results from a change in the phasic or tonic components. Using a(More)
Volatile anesthetics produce bronchodilatation by a combination of effects on the autonomic nervous system as well as direct effects on the airway smooth muscle. We sought to further explain the direct effects on airway smooth muscle by studying the effect of volatile anesthetics on the phasic and tonic components of the contractile response. The effects of(More)
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