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The production of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukin-6 by human antral mucosa during short term culture in vitro has been measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. TNF alpha and interleukin-6 concentrations in culture supernatants were significantly greater (p less than 0.001) in patients infected with Helicobacter pylori, all of(More)
The gastric IgA response to Helicobacter pylori was examined in 100 dyspeptic patients by means of immunoblotting of supernatants from antral biopsy and gastric mononuclear cell cultures. 76 of 78 patients with chronic gastritis, 2 of 8 with reactive gastritis, and 1 of 14 subjects with normal mucosa showed positive responses. Of patients with chronic(More)
Owing to limited endoscopy resources, various screening strategies for endoscopy have been proposed. Helicobacter pylori can be detected with high sensitivity and specificity by serology, and therefore we assessed the effects on diagnostic accuracy and endoscopic workload of a policy of screening clinic patients with dyspepsia before endoscopy by a strategy(More)
Duodenal biopsy specimens from 471 adults and 47 children were examined to determine the prevalence and distribution of gastric epithelium in the duodenal bulb in relation to age, gender, gastroduodenal inflammation, smoking, alcohol and consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Gastric metaplasia was present in the anterior wall duodenal(More)
The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori was determined using an ELISA technique for IgG antibodies to H. pylori in 76 patients with end-stage renal failure who were receiving regular haemodialysis and 202 patients with functioning renal transplants. Twenty-seven (34%) of the haemodialysis group and 58 (29%) of the transplant group were positive for H. pylori(More)
A commercial ELISA for the detection of Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies was evaluated using serum from 242 patients attending an endoscopy clinic. The efficacy of the ELISA was assessed in relation to the histological detection of H pylori on antral mucosal biopsy specimens. In patients under 61 years of age (n = 138) the ELISA was 97.5% sensitive and(More)
AIMS To determine the histopathological types of gastritis, presence of H pylori, and of peptic ulceration in patients aged 70 and over, compared with younger adults. METHODS Gastric antral and corpus biopsy specimens from 112 elderly patients were classified and graded histologically according to the Sydney system. Details of recent antibiotic and(More)
Helicobacter pylori is now recognized as a frequent cause of histological chronic gastritis, and this has radically changed our understanding of this common condition. In the light of these developments, the traditional view that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are one of the common 'environmental' causes of chronic gastritis has been re-examined.(More)