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A fungus-specific PCR assay using only one primer set has been developed for detecting indoor fungi. Four fungal primer sets, NS3/NS4, NS5/NS6, FF1/FR1 and FF2/FR1, were tested with DNA from humans, rats, mice, bacteria, pollens and six commonly found fungal species (Alternaria chamydospora, Aspergillus flavus, Candida famata, Cladosporium fermentans,(More)
It has been estimated that over three million workers in the USA are potentially exposed to silica or other mineral dusts. Results of epidemiological studies evaluating whether silica or glass fibers increase lung cancer risk to the exposed workers are inconclusive. Detection of DNA damage in cells exposed to genotoxic agents is being used to assess the(More)
The molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis by cadmium were studied using BALB/c-3T3 cell transformation and nude mouse tumorigenesis models. BALB/c-3T3 cells transformed with cadmium chloride were subcutaneously injected into nude mice to develop tumors and the cell lines derived from these tumors were used in the present study. The proto-oncogenes c-fos(More)
Workers in many mining and manufacturing industries are potentially exposed to vanadium. Inhalation of dust containing vanadium pentoxide (V2O5), a pentavalent compound of vanadium, has been reported to cause lung diseases. Information related to the genotoxicity and potential carcinogenicity of V2O5, however, is still limited. In this study, the effect of(More)
The pesticide, ethylene dibromide (EDB), was evaluated with in vivo cytogenetic assays to determine its genotoxicity. CD1 male mice were exposed to EDB through intraperitoneal injections. Bone marrow cells isolated from femora were analyzed for sister-chromatid exchange (SCE), chromosome aberration and micronucleus formation. The results showed that only(More)
Immunofluorescent staining of kinetochores in micronuclei (MN) of cytochalasin-B-blocked cells was used to distinguish between clastogenic and aneuploidogenic effects of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC), mitomycin C (MMC) and vincristine sulfate (VS) in Chinese hamster lung V79 cells by using an anti-kinetochore antibody. Within the base-line micronucleated(More)
Benz[a]anthracene (BA), dibenz[a,h]anthracene (DBA), dibenzo[a,i]pyrene (DBP), and dibenz[a,h]acridine (DBAC) are by-products found in many industrial wastes and emissions. Workers in the related occupational settings are potentially exposed to these substances through inhalation. In the present study, induction of DNA adducts in vivo by these chemicals was(More)
More than 50,000 workers in the United States are exposed to roofing asphalt fumes that may pose genotoxic and potential carcinogenic hazards. The Type III roofing asphalt is most frequently used in roof-application. Results of our previous studies showed that fume condensates of Type III roofing asphalts induced micronuclei (MN) in vitro in cultured V79(More)
A considerable number of workers in the United States are employed in asphalt industries and are potentially exposed to asphalt fumes. The information regarding the potential carcinogenic hazards of such fumes to exposed workers is still limited. Studies have been conducted to determine the cytogenetic effects of roofing asphalt fume using cultured(More)
Studies were conducted to determine whether 1) glass fibers can induce morphological transformation in BALB/c-3T3 cells, 2) the transforming activity of glass fibers is related to fiber size, and 3) transformed cells induced by glass fibers possess neoplastic properties. In the transformation assay, BALB/c-3T3 cells were treated with three different types(More)