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PURPOSE S-antigen (48 kDa protein or arrestin) is known to be present in rod photoreceptors. Its localization in cones is less clear with several conflicting reports among various species examined. METHODS This study employed three different anti-S-antigen antibodies (a48K, a polyclonal antiserum and two monoclonal antibodies, MAb A9-C6 and MAb 5c6.47)(More)
OBJECTIVE To test a hypothesis of photoreceptor involvement in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in chronic glaucoma. METHODS Laser spots were applied to 6 eyes of 3 rhesus monkeys, causing focal destruction of the outer retina, including the photoreceptors. After 3 to 4 weeks, experimental glaucoma was induced in the right eyes of each monkey using argon(More)
The distribution of carbonic anhydrase (CA) among human photoreceptors has been a topic of dispute. In our experiments, by modifying an established enzyme histochemical technique, reproducible staining was observed. Of the cones in the peripheral retina, 91% were positive for CA. The CA-negative (CA-) cones were absent within approximately 8 arc min of the(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoblastoma is the most common childhood tumor of the eye, arising from cells that are defective in both copies of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene (RB1). Most retinoblastoma tumor cells eventually undergo programmed cell death (i.e., apoptosis); however, some cells can acquire the ability to metastasize and become immortal. Transfection(More)
PURPOSE First, to study the cellular mechanisms of acquired color vision loss in retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy. Second, to learn why, in glaucoma, the type of color vision deficit that is observed is more characteristic of a retinal injury than it is of an optic neuropathy. Third, to test a hypothesis of photoreceptor-induced, ganglion cell(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) on the levels of cytochrome oxidase (CO), Zif268, synaptophysin, and growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) in the primary visual cortex of adult monkeys. METHODS Ten adult primates underwent unilateral argon laser PRP with instrument settings at 300 to 500 microns spot diameter, 200 to(More)
The development path described for JNJ-26489112 provides perspectives on interpretation of retinal effects observed in nonclinical studies and their implications for clinical development. JNJ-26489112 is a CNS-active investigational drug that has potential as a novel treatment for treatment-resistant and bipolar depression, epilepsy, and(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether, by employing recent advances in immunocytochemical technique, it is possible to identify reliably the product of the retinoblastoma (RB) susceptibility gene, p110RB1, in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded eyes with commercially available primary antibodies. If so, the authors sought to determine the distribution of p110RB1 in(More)
In three separate experiments albino rabbits, pigmented rabbits, and humans were tested following administration of acetazolamide and without acetazolamide. In all three experiments, we recorded electroretinograms (ERGs) under dark adapted and light adapted conditions and measured the b-wave amplitudes. Dark adapted ERG b-wave amplitudes were increased(More)