T. M. Nabeel Muhammad

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AIM This study was carried out for the detection of Avibacterium paragallinarum from outbreaks of infectious coryza of poultry. MATERIALS AND METHODS The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was standardized for the diagnosis of infectious coryza by using infectious coryza Killed vaccine, ventri biologicals, Pune as source of DNA of A. paragallinarum. Five(More)
A modified Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) based radix 4 2 algorithm for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems is presented. When compared with similar schemes like Canonic signed digit (CSD) Constant Multiplier, the modified CSD multiplier can provide a improvement of more than 36% in terms of multiplicative complexity. In Comparison of(More)
Speech is the most essential method of correspondence of humankind. Cell telephony, portable hearing assistants and, hands free are specific provisions in this respect. The performance of these communication devices could be affected because of distortions which might augment them. There are two essential sorts of distortions that might be recognized,(More)
Expected by 2014 is the 4G standard for cellular wireless communications, which will improve bandwidth, connectivity and roaming for mobile and stationary devices.4G and other wireless systems are currently hot topics of research and development in the communication field. In wireless technologies like Global System for Mobile (GSM), Digital Enhanced(More)
The quality of speech signal over a VoIP system is degraded by various network layer problems which include jamming, jitter, packet loss. Different types of noises also degrade the quality of speech signal such as external noise and quantization noise. This paper improves the quality of VoIP speech signal affected by these noises and network layer problems.(More)
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