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Heavy metal concentrations have been determined in maternal and cord blood samples collected from mothers in the age group 20-25 years with full-term neonates (37-40 weeks). The concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn were found to be low in cord blood as compared to mother's blood and the ratio between cord blood and maternal blood for the respective elements(More)
Concentrations of the essential elements Zn and Cu and potentially toxic elements Pb and Cd in different milk samples and baby food materials were measured, primarily to assess whether the intakes comply with recommended desired levels for essential and permissible levels for toxic elements. The geometric mean concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in(More)
Hydride generator atomic absorption spectrophotometry (HG-AAS) is employed for the determination of arsenic in air, duplicate diet and body fluids. The detection limit for arsenic is 0.02 ppb. The reliability of the analysis is assessed through analysis of Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) of soil and fish tissue obtained from IAEA. The concentration of(More)
Concentrations of heavy metals such as Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn have been estimated in air particulates, water and food samples collected from different suburbs in Bombay during 1991-1994. The concentrations of these metals are translated into intake rates through inhalation and ingestion pathways. Results indicate the highest concentration of Pb and Cu are in(More)
Organochlorine pesticide residues in sediment and fish samples collected from the east and west coasts of India are presented. HCH isomers and DDT and its metabolites are the predominantly identified compounds in most of the samples. Despite the higher quantity of consumption, HCH and DDT levels in fish in India were lower than those in temperate countries(More)
Reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultra violet detection (UV) was optimised for separation and quantification of methyl mercury in coastal sediment and fish samples. The extraction efficiency of methyl mercury from sediment and biological samples was found to be 56% with a detection limit of 0.5 ng for a 200 microliters(More)
The daily intake of manganese (Mn) estimated through air, water and duplicate dietary analysis is found to range from 0.67 to 4.99 mg with a mean value of 2.21 mg. Ingestion through food contributed to the predominant fraction of the intake. The turnover rate of Mn through blood is approximately 2 h, based on the mean concentration of Mn in blood of 1.54(More)
A probabilistic safety assessment model has been developed for assessing the performance of near surface disposal facilities for low-level radioactive waste. Two modes of disposal such as single dump and multiple dump are considered in the model. The model is composed of four components: source term, repository failure, geosphere transport and radiological(More)
The study area Thane Creek, lies on the southern part of the Deccan belt of India between latitude 18 degrees 53'-19 degrees 04' N and longitude 72 degrees 48'-72 degrees 53' E and includes the Ulhas river estuaries. Lead-210 (half-life of 22.3 years) is used for an estimation of recent sedimentation rate in Thane Creek using radiochemical separation and(More)