T. M. Hopkins

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Because a potential treatment for brain injuries could be elevating magnesium ions (Mg(2+)) intracerebrally, we characterized the effects of elevating external Mg(2+) in cultures of neonatal murine brain-derived neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs). Using a crystal violet assay, which avoids interference of Mg(2+) in the assay, it was determined that(More)
Increased neurogenesis in the hippocampus and subventricular zone (SVZ) of the brain of animals has been demonstrated following administration of several psychotropic medications. Such changes are thought to regenerate tissues and contribute to the beneficial effects of the medications. This study sought to determine if another neurogenic tissue, the(More)
Keratin-based composite nanofibers have been fabricated by an electrospinning technique. Aqueous soluble keratin extracted from human hair was successfully blended with poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) in different ratios and transformed into nanofibrous membranes. Toward the potential use of this nanofibrous membrane in tissue engineering, its physicochemical(More)
<italic>We discuss the algorithmic steps involved in common sparse matrix problems, with particular emphasis on linear programming by the revised simplex method. We then propose new architectural mechanisms which are being built into an experimental machine, the Edinburgh Sparse Processor, and which enable vector instructions to operate efficiently on(More)
BACKGROUND Biomedical implants used in tissue engineering repairs, such as scaffolds to repair peripheral nerves, can be too large to examine completely with histological analyses. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) with contrast agents allows ex vivo visualization of entire biomaterial implants and their interactions with tissues, but contrast agents can(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered the most promising candidates to replace Cu and Al in a large number of electrical, mechanical and thermal applications. Although most CNT industrial applications require macro and micro size CNT fiber assemblies, several techniques to make conducting CNT fibers, threads, yarns and ropes have been reported to this day,(More)
Biodegradable magnesium metal filaments placed inside biodegradable nerve conduits might provide the physical guidance support needed to improve the rate and extent of regeneration of peripheral nerves across injury gaps. In this study, we examined basic issues of magnesium metal resorption and biocompatibility by repairing sub-critical size gap injuries (6(More)
OBJECTIVE Hollow nerve conduits made of natural or synthetic biomaterials are used clinically to aid regeneration of peripheral nerves damaged by trauma or disease. To support healing, conduit lumen patency must be maintained until recovery occurs. New methods to study conduit structural integrity would provide an important means to optimize conduits in(More)
Absorbable implants made of magnesium alloys may revolutionize surgical intervention, and fine magnesium wire will be critical to many applications. Functionally, the wires must have sufficient mechanical properties to withstand implantation and in-service loading, have excellent tissue tolerance, and exhibit an appropriate degradation rate for the(More)