T. M. Griffith

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1. We have shown that the endocannabinoid anandamide and its stable analogue methanandamide relax rings of rabbit superior mesenteric artery through endothelium-dependent and -independent mechanisms that are unaffected by blockade of NO synthase and cyclooxygenase. 2. The endothelium-dependent component of the responses was attenuated by the gap junction(More)
1. We have investigated the effects of connexin-mimetic peptides homologous to the Gap 26 and Gap 27 domains of Cxs 37, 40 and 43 against gap junctional communication and connexin expression in rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs) and A7r5 myocytes. 2. Immunostaining and Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of gap junction plaques containing Cx43,(More)
It is becoming increasingly evident that electrical signaling via gap junctions plays a central role in the physiological control of vascular tone via two related mechanisms (1) the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) phenomenon, in which radial transmission of hyperpolarization from the endothelium to subjacent smooth muscle promotes(More)
The existence of endothelium-derived vascular relaxant factor (EDRF) was postulated by Furchgott and colleagues when they observed that acetylcholine paradoxically relaxed preconstricted aortic strip preparations by an endothelium-dependent mechanism. This phenomenon has since been demonstrated in different blood vessels and mammalian species and it can be(More)
This article reviews what is known of endothelium-derived relaxing factor and its possible physiologic and pathophysiologic roles. This relaxing factor is now thought to be nitric oxide or a ready source of it. It acts as an endogenous nitrovasodilator, stimulating soluble guanylate cyclase to increase cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP) levels in vascular(More)
1. Phenylephrine (10 microM) evoked rises in tension in isolated rings of endothelium-denuded rabbit superior mesenteric artery. These increases consisted of a tonic component with superimposed rhythmic activity, the frequency of which generally remained constant over time but whose amplitude exhibited cycle-to-cycle variability. 2. The amplitude, but not(More)
An endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) that is distinct from nitric oxide (NO) and prostanoids has been widely hypothesized to hyperpolarize and relax vascular smooth muscle following stimulation of the endothelium by agonists. Candidates as diverse as K(+) ions, eicosanoids, hydrogen peroxide and C-type natriuretic peptide have been(More)
We have investigated the role of cAMP in NO- and prostanoid-independent relaxations that are widely attributed to an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). Under control conditions EDHF-type relaxations evoked by acetylcholine (ACh) in rabbit iliac arteries were transient, but in the presence of the cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor(More)
Synthetic peptides homologous to the extracellular loops of the major vascular connexins represent a novel class of gap junction blockers that have been used to assess the role of direct cellular communication in arteries and veins. However, the specificity of action of such peptides on the coupling between smooth muscle cells (SMCs) has not yet been fully(More)
We have developed a mathematical model of arterial vasomotion in which irregular rhythmic activity is generated by the nonlinear interaction of intracellular and membrane oscillators that depend on cyclic release of Ca2+ from internal stores and cyclic influx of extracellular Ca2+, respectively. Four key control variables were selected on the basis of the(More)