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The relative permeability of endplate channels to many organic cations was determined by reversal-potential criteria. Endplate currents induced by iontophoretic "puffs" of acetylcholine were studied by a Vaseline gap, voltage clamp method in cut muscle fibers. Reversal potential changes were measured as the NaCl of the bathing medium was replaced by salts(More)
The relative permeability of endplate channels to monovalent and divalent metal ions was determined from reversal potentials. Thallium is the most permeant ion with a permeability ratio relative to Na+ of 2.5. The selectivity among alkali metals is weak with a sequence, Cs+ greater than Rb+ greater than K+ greater than Na+ greater than Li+, and permeability(More)
Motor endplates of frog semitendinosus muscles were studied under voltage clamp. Current fluctuations induced by iontophoretic application of acetylcholine were analyzed to give the elementary conductance, gamma , and mean open time, tau , of endplate channels. Total replacement of the external Na+ ion by several other metal ions and by many permeant(More)
Syntrophin, a 58 kd extrinsic membrane protein, is concentrated at postsynaptic sites at the neuromuscular junction and may be involved in clustering acetylcholine receptors. In muscle and nonmuscle tissues, syntrophin is associated with dystrophin, utrophin, and two homologs of the dystrophin carboxy-terminal region. We have isolated three cDNAs encoding(More)
  • T M Dwyer
  • 1986
The acetylcholine-activated channel of chick myotube was studied using the patch-clamp method. Single channel current amplitudes were measured between -300 and +250 mV in solutions containing the permeant ions Cs+ and guanidine (G+). G+ has a relative permeability, PG/PCs, of 1.6, but carries no more than half the current that Cs+ does, with an equivalent(More)
The acetylcholine-(ACh-)activated channels of chick myotubes were studied by the patch-clamp method. Single-channel amplitudes were measured over a wide range of potentials in solutions of cesium, arginine, and three small amines. Symmetrical, isotonic cesium solutions gave a linear I-V relationship with the single-channel conductance, gamma, of 42 pS at 11(More)
Prolonged electrical activation of the carotid baroreflex produces sustained reductions in sympathetic activity and arterial pressure in normotensive dogs. The main goal of this study was to assess the influence of prolonged baroreflex activation on arterial pressure and neurohormonal responses in 6 dogs with obesity-induced hypertension. After control(More)
Despite recent evidence indicating sustained activation of the baroreflex during chronic infusion of angiotensin II (Ang II), sinoaortic denervation does not exacerbate the severity of the hypertension. Therefore, to determine whether Ang II hypertension is relatively resistant to the blood pressure-lowering effects of the baroreflex, the carotid baroreflex(More)
Recent studies indicate that suppression of renal sympathetic nerve activity and attendant increments in renal excretory function are sustained baroreflex-mediated responses in hypertensive animals. Given the central role of the kidneys in long-term regulation of arterial pressure, we hypothesized that the chronic blood pressure-lowering effects of the(More)
Following sinoaortic denervation, which eliminates arterial baroreceptor input into the brain, there are slowly developing adaptations that abolish initial sympathetic activation and hypertension. In comparison, electrical stimulation of the carotid sinus for 1 wk produces sustained reductions in sympathetic activity and arterial pressure. However, whether(More)