T Lemarchand-Béraud

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An influence of thyroid status on the secretory activity of hypothalamic dopaminergic neurons was observed in adult rats and its involvement in the regulation of prolactin (PRL) secretion was examined. The secretory activity of the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic (TIDA) neurons was evaluated by measurement of dopamine (DA) biosynthesis in the neurons and DA(More)
Meningiomas from 10 patients were studied for the presence of sex hormone receptors. No meningioma was found to have estrogen receptors, while 4 had no receptors. The presence of progesterone receptors was independent of the age or sex of the patient, whereas androgen receptors were found only in postmenopausal women. The possible relationship between the(More)
Alterations with age in the control of thyrotropin (TSH) secretion by thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) were evaluated at the hypothalamic and pituitary levels in young (3-5 months) and old (22-24 months) male rats. In the hypothalamus, TRH was quantified in the median eminence and in the mediobasal hypothalamus; in the adenohypophysis the membrane(More)
The concentration of thyroid hormone nuclear receptors varies from one tissue to another, the anterior pituitary (AP) gland possessing the highest. Since 3,5,3',1-triiodothyronine (T3) controls within a narrow range the secretion of TSH from the pituitary gland, this study was carried out to establish whether T3 modulates its own pituitary nuclear receptors(More)
Fetal exposure to cyproterone acetate (CPA), while allowing, normal sexual morphogenesis, has previously been shown to lead to functional endocrine abnormalities in adult rats of both sexes. Because of this, we examined morphologically and morphometrically the hypothalamic nuclei involved in sexual dimorphism as well as the pituitary lactotropes of rats(More)
Aging is characterized by changes in neuroendocrine/endocrine functions which are manifest in female reproductive physiology and less perceptible in other functions such as thyroid, adrenal or growth/metabolic functions. The contribution of each level of the axis - hypothalamus, adenohypophysis or peripheral tissues - is not clearly established. Functional(More)
Streptozocin-induced diabetes (STZ-D) in rats is associated with marked hypothyroidism characterized by functional impairment and structural lesions of the pituitary-thyroid axis. Degenerative axonal lesions, which can be prevented by insulin administration, have been reported in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) of STZ-D rats. However, direct evidence(More)
A reduced secretion of thyroid hormones with age has been documented in humans and animals with no substantial increase in TSH secretion, which may be indicative of an age-related impairment of the pituitary sensitivity to the negative control exerted by thyroid hormones. We have evaluated in rats the influence of sex and age on pituitary T3 nuclear(More)
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