T L Whiteside

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PURPOSE Immunosuppression, including that mediated by CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg), is a characteristic feature of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Tregs with a distinct phenotype in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) contribute to local immune suppression. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The frequency and phenotype of Treg in(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune escape is a characteristic feature of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Regulatory T cells (Treg) might contribute to HNSCC progression by suppressing antitumor immunity, and their attributes in patients are of special interest. METHODS Multicolor flow cytometry was used to study the frequency and phenotype of Treg in(More)
Spontaneous apoptosis was observed in a proportion of peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) but not from normal healthy donors (T. Saito et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 5: 1263-1273, 1999). To further investigate this phenomenon, peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from patients with HNC or normal(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma, a high proportion of T cells in the tumor undergo apoptosis, which correlates with Fas ligand (FasL) expression on tumor cells. The present study was done to identify mechanisms responsible for apoptosis of T cells seen in the peripheral circulation of these patients. METHODS Sera of 27 patients,(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) expressed on immune cells trigger inflammatory responses. TLRs are also expressed on ovarian cancer (OvCa) cells, but the consequences of signaling by the TLR4/MyD88 pathway in these cells are unclear. Here, TLR4 and MyD88 expression in OvCa tissues (n=20) and cell lines (OVCAR3, SKOV3, AD10, A2780 and CP70) was evaluated by(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) present in the human peripheral blood, represent a heterogeneous population of cells with monocytic and granulocytic features. To provide guidelines for reliable assessments of the frequency and function of MDSC, we compared fresh vs. cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples obtained from normal(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated altered expression and function of signaling molecules in T and natural killer cells in patients with cancer. The impairment of immune cell functions in advanced cancer may result from defects in signal transduction. We studied purified T cells obtained from peripheral blood or tumor-involved lymph nodes (LNs) of 45 patients(More)
Tumor-associated lymphocytes (TALs) freshly isolated from patients with cancer usually manifest reduced proliferative and cytolytic functions. To determine whether alterations in signal transduction contribute to functional impairments seen in TALs, we purified populations of T and natural killer (NK) cells by negative selection from ascites of seven(More)
Twenty-one head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines were established from 89 fresh tumor specimens in order to study the biology of HNSCC lines, establish tumors in nude mice, and evaluate the sensitivity to immunological effector cells of these tumors in vitro and in vivo in nude mice. The lines were established from explants using(More)