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Future applications of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) require lithographic performance of very high aspect ratio. Chemically amplified resists (CARs) such as the negative tone commercial SU-8 provide critical advantages in sensitivity, resolution, and process efficiency in deep ultraviolet, electron-beam, and X-ray lithographies (XRLs), which result(More)
Microelectronic devices for future applications demand lithographic performance that falls within the 0.10 microm region and below. Chemically amplified resists (CARs), such as the positive tone commercial UVIII resist, offer a substantial gain in sensitivity, resolution, and process efficiency in deep ultraviolet, e-beam, and X-ray lithographies. In this(More)
An effective and simple analytical method using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to distinguish wild-grown high-quality Ganoderma lucidum (G. lucidum) from cultivated one is of essential importance for its quality assurance and medicinal value estimation. Commonly used chemical and analytical methods using full spectrum are not so effective(More)
We report the design and development of insulated gate bipolar junction transistor based high performance driver for operating thyratrons in grounded grid mode. With careful design, the driver meets the specification of trigger output pulse rise time less than 30 ns, jitter less than +/-1 ns, and time delay less than 160 ns. It produces a -600 V pulse of(More)
The structural, compositional and optical properties of thin films grown by laser-induced plasma (LIP) were studied as a function of post-deposition annealing. Nanocrystalline powder of ZnO was prepared through a wet chemical method using zinc acetate dihydrate (Zn(CH 3 COO) 2 .2H 2 O) and potassium hydroxide (KOH) as precursors. The X-ray diffraction (XRD)(More)
Accurate spectral information on formic acid has wide application to radioastronomy since it was the first organic acid found in interstellar space. In this work, the infrared absorption spectrum of the nu1 band of deuterated formic acid (DCOOD) has been measured on a Bomem DA3.002 Fourier transform spectrometer in the wavenumber region 2560-2690 cm(-1)(More)
A low energy fast miniature plasma focus device 'FMPF-1' has recently been developed to be used as compact and portable nanosecond pulsed neutron source for field applications. The system operates in deuterium producing maximum neutron yield in the order of 10 6 neutrons/ pulse in 4� sr. at ~80kA peak discharge current. In the range of 4 to 7mbar distinct(More)
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