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We describe a novel method for quantification of atrazine based on detection of P450 mRNA levels in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The selected oligonucleotide probe exhibited specificity against P450 mRNA and was successfully immobilized on the sensor chip. The mRNA was subsequently quantified by RU change using a SPR system. When the cells were disrupted by(More)
In this study we describe a novel sensor system to detect toxic chemicals based on measurement of the quantity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae P450 mRNAs induced by them. Detection was conducted using a flow-injection-type sensor system based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The DNA and peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes containing a complementary sequence to(More)
We report new observations of the far infrared and submillimeter water vapor emission of NML Cygnus based on data gathered with the Infrared Space Observatory and the Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite. We compare the emission from NML Cyg to that previously published for VY CMa and W Hya in an attempt to establish the validity of recently proposed(More)
The detection of circumstellar water vapour around the ageing carbon star IRC +10216 challenged the current understanding of chemistry in old stars, because water was predicted to be almost absent in carbon-rich stars. Several explanations for the water were postulated, including the vaporization of icy bodies (comets or dwarf planets) in orbit around the(More)
We present the detection and modeling of more than 70 far–IR pure rotational lines of water vapor, including the 18 O and 17 O isotopologues, towards Orion KL. Observations were performed with the Long Wavelength Spectrometer Fabry–Perot (LWS/FP; λ/∆λ ∼6800-9700) on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) between ∼43 and 197 µm. The water line profiles(More)
Hi-GAL, the Herschel infrared Galactic Plane Survey, is an Open Time Key Project of the Herschel Space Observatory. It will make an unbiased photometric survey of the inner Galactic Plane by mapping a two-degree wide strip in the longitude range | l |< 60 • in five wavebands between 70µm and 500µm. The aim of Hi-GAL is to detect the earliest phases of the(More)
We grew graphene epitaxially on 6H-SiC(0001) substrate by the simulated annealing method. The mechanisms that govern the growth process were investigated by testing two empirical potentials, namely, the widely used Tersoff potential [J. Tersoff, Phys. Rev. B 39, 5566 (1989)] and its more refined version published years later by Erhart and Albe [Phys. Rev. B(More)