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MR studies were correlated with biochemical results in nine children who presented with lactic acidosis and/or abnormal MR findings in the basal ganglia. Neurologic development was delayed in all nine children. Seven of these patients were diagnosed as having subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy (SNE, or Leigh syndrome) on the basis of history, clinical(More)
Background and Purpose—Five pretreatment variables (PϽ0.1 univariate analysis), including serum glucose (Ͼ300 mg/dL), predicted symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke rtPA trial. We retrospectively studied stroke patients treated Ͻ3 hours from onset with intravenous rtPA at 2 institutions to(More)
Functional diffusion mapping (fDM) is a cancer imaging technique that quantifies voxelwise changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Previous studies have shown value of fDMs in bevacizumab therapy for recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The aim of the present study was to implement explicit criteria for diffusion MRI quality control and(More)
Fourteen new cases of cytochrome oxidase (COX)-associated Leigh syndrome (LS) are combined with 20 reported cases to describe the clinical, laboratory, and radiological features of this devastating metabolic condition. Three clinical stages are identified. Most patients have normal neurological development during the first 8-12 months (stage I). Somatic(More)
Despite advances in neurosurgery, radiation oncology, and chemotherapy, the prognosis for glioblastoma multiforme remains poor, with a median survival time of 11-12 months. Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichlorideplatinum II) is one treatment for glioblastoma multiforme. Higher response rates have been achieved by intraarterial (i.a.) infusion than by systemic(More)
Surgical resection of spinal tumors involves complex reconstructive procedures. The stability and integrity of the surgical construct are evaluated with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). As coregistration, or fusion, of different imaging modalities, especially positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), is common practice, we sought(More)
BACKGROUND RTOG 0625/ACRIN 6677 is a multicenter, randomized, phase II trial of bevacizumab with irinotecan or temozolomide in recurrent glioblastoma (GBM). This study investigated whether early posttreatment progression on FLAIR or postcontrast MRI assessed by central reading predicts overall survival (OS). METHODS Of 123 enrolled patients, 107 had(More)
BACKGROUND Use of general anaesthesia or deep sedation during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies leads to pharyngeal muscle relaxation, often resulting in snoring and subsequent vibrations with head micromotion. Given that MRI is very susceptible to motion, this causes artifacts and image quality degradation. The purpose of our study was to determine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The natural history of optic pathway glioma (OPG) is highly variable and unpredictable. We present a pilot study of the prognostic role of conventional and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) in the evaluation of OPG. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 17 patients with 20 pretreatment OPG lesions who(More)
BACKGROUND The posture of the foot has been implicated as a factor in the development of running-related injuries. A static measure of foot posture, such as the longitudinal arch angle (LAA), that can be easily performed and is predictive of the posture of the foot at midsupport while running could provide valuable information to enhance the clinician's(More)