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Busulfan is an alkylating agent that is widely used in preparative regimens for bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We developed a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) assay for the determination of plasma busulfan concentrations in 30 patients who received oral doses of 1 mg/kg. Concentrations were fit by a one-compartment pharmacokinetic model(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide has been evaluated in 15 patients with metastatic breast cancer undergoing high-dose chemotherapy with alkylating agents followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation. Each patient received two courses of chemotherapy: 4 g/m2 of cyclophosphamide by 90-min infusion prior to peripheral blood progenitor cell(More)
BACKGROUND High grade astrocytomas remain uniformly fatal despite aggressive surgery and radiotherapy. As existing chemotherapeutic agents are of limited benefit, clinical trials are underway to screen new drugs, such as 9-aminocamptothecin (9-AC), for activity in high grade astrocytomas. PURPOSE This study was designed to estimate the efficacy of 9-AC in(More)
Taxol is a unique antineoplastic agent which appears to exert its cytotoxic action as a result of interference with microtubular structure and function. Clinical development of this drug will be facilitated by the availability of sensitive and specific methods for its quantitation in biological fluids. We have developed a reverse-phase high-performance(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide and 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide/aldophosphamide has been evaluated in 12 patients with metastatic breast cancer undergoing high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplantation. Each patient received an initial dose of 4 g/m2 of cyclophosphamide over 90 min to prime peripheral blood progenitor cells (the first(More)
7-Ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11; Irinotecan), a semisynthetic analogue of camptothecin (CPT) with broad preclinical antitumor activity, has demonstrated impressive activity in phase II trials in Japan in advanced small and non-small cell lung, colorectal, cervical, and ovarian carcinomas, as well as in refractory(More)
Using a recently developed gas chromatography and mass spectrometry method to determine whole-blood cyclophosphamide (CP) and 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide/aldophosphamide (4-HO-CP/AP) concentrations, we investigated their pharmacokinetics in women receiving CP therapy. Patients (n = 18) received one or two courses of CP: (a) a 90-min i.v. infusion (4 g/m2)(More)
PURPOSE A phase I and pharmacologic study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of administering the topoisomerase I (topo I) inhibitor topotecan (TPT) in combination with cisplatin (CDDP) in minimally pretreated adults with solid tumors. The study was designed to evaluate the magnitude of the toxicologic and pharmacologic differences between the two(More)
PURPOSE Sodium phenylbutyrate (PB) demonstrates potent differentiating capacity in multiple hematopoietic and solid tumor cell lines. We conducted a Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of PB by continuous infusion to characterize the maximum tolerated dose, toxicities, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor effects in patients with refractory solid tumors. (More)
PURPOSE Pacltaxel is active in metastatic breast cancer, but limited information is available on combinations of this agent with other cytotoxic agents. Study aims were to determine the maximum-tolerated doses (MTDs) of paclitaxel (24-hour infusion) and cyclophosphamide (1-hour infusion) administered every 21 days with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(More)