T. L. Chang

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Drugs that potentiate transmission at GABA(A) receptors are widely used to enhance sleep and to cause general anesthesia. The mechanisms underlying these effects are unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that GABA(A) receptors in the pontine reticular nucleus, oral part (PnO) of mouse modulate five phenotypes of arousal: sleep and wakefulness, cortical(More)
BACKGROUND Concurrent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase the likelihood of HIV transmission. The levels of defensins are frequently elevated in genital fluids from individuals with STIs. We have previously shown that human defensins 5 and 6 (HD5 and HD6) promote HIV entry and contribute to Neisseria gonorrhoeae-mediated enhancement of HIV(More)
The natural history of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infections can vary widely; infections can spontaneously resolve but can also last from months to years, potentially progressing to cause significant pathology. The host and bacterial factors underlying this wide variation are not completely understood, but emphasize the bacterium's capacity to(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that human defensin 5 (HD5) promotes HIV infectivity in both primary CD4+ T cells and HeLa cells expressing CD4 and CCR5. HD5 is induced in response to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, suggesting it plays a role in STI-mediated enhancement of HIV transmission.(More)
The coupling mechanism between depletion of Ca(2+) stores in the endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membrane store-operated ion channels is fundamental to Ca(2+) signaling in many cell types and has yet to be completely elucidated. Using Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels in RBL-2H3 cells as a model system, we have shown that CRAC channels are(More)
The biosynthesis of alpha-MSH, beta-endorphin and ACTH in the pituitary is reviewed. These neuropeptides are synthesized from a common pro-protein, pro-opiomelanocortin. The pro-protein is cleaved intragranularly, at pairs of basic residues in the molecule to yield the respective peptide products. An unique, thiol protease (pro-opiocortin converting enzyme)(More)
By iontophoretically introducing, first, cobalt and, subsequently, sulfide ions into the vagus nerve, it is possible to trace sensory nerves to their endings in the rat lung. Nerve fibers and terminals are found predominantly in the adventitia of the airways and blood vessels. Some nerves are found in the submucosa of the bronchi and bronchioles. Some are(More)
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