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The membrane proteins gI and gE of Pseudorabies virus (PRV) are required for viral invasion and spread through some neural pathways of the rodent central nervous system. Following infection of the rat retina with wild-type PRV, virus replicates in retinal ganglion neurons and anterogradely spreads to infect all visual centers in the brain. By contrast, gI(More)
1,3,8-Trihydroxy-6-methylanthaquinone (emodin) is recognized as an antiproliferative compound. In the present study, however, we show that emodin has both toxic and survival effects in glioma cells and that the survival effects involve Mdr1a. Emodin inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of C6 cells in a 12-h treatment, but C6 cells survived a(More)
Enhanced garlic (Allium sativum) consumption is closely related to reduced cancer incidence, as shown in epidemiological studies. Diallyl disulfide (DADS), a component of garlic, inhibits the proliferation of human blood, colon, lung and skin cancer cells. Although DADS had been reported to induce apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells, there are no(More)
Emodin is recognized as an anti-proliferative compound. In the present study, we show however that emodin has both toxic and survival effects in glioma cells and that the survival effects involve Mdr1a. Emodin inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of C6 cells in a 12 h treatment, but C6 cells survived a 72 h drug treatment indicating resistance(More)
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