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Neuroimaging studies of autism have shown abnormalities in the limbic system and cerebellar circuits and additional sites. These findings are not, however, specific or consistent enough to build up a coherent theory of the origin and nature of the brain abnormality in autistic patients. Twenty-three children with infantile autism and 26 non-autistic(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this SPECT study was to determine the initial abnormality and longitudinal changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in early Alzheimer's disease (AD) using statistical parametric mapping (SPM). METHODS rCBF was noninvasively measured using (99m)Tc-ethyl cysteinate dimer SPECT in 32 patients complaining of mild cognitive(More)
NITRIC oxide (NO) plays a role in the modulation of the predominant potassium current of type I vestibular hair cells, a low-voltage activated current called I(K1). Since many effects of NO are mediated via cGMP, patch-clamp recordings were made to evaluate the effects of cGMP on I(K1). In whole-cell recordings 1 mM cGMP shifted Vhalf of I(K1) by 15.0 +/-(More)
OBJECTIVE Our vestibular function is gradually deteriorating during aging, although, its behavioral consequences are not easily recognized due to a substitution process by other sensory modalities as visual or proprioceptive inputs. METHODS To reveal such a hidden substitution process by visual signals, the measurement of the static as well as the dynamic(More)
OBJECTIVE Among patients with vestibular schwanoma (VS), vestibular function is nonhomogeneous, both before and after surgical removal of the VS. This paper reports investigations of neural changes, especially changes in the contribution of visual input to vestibular system integration, after VS surgery. METHODS We examined 33 patients who underwent VS(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) measurements using a Patlak plot method of 99mTc-ECD were performed in early dementia of Alzheimer type (DAT) with both HDS-R and MMSE of over 20 to investigate initial abnormality and longitudinal changes of rCBF. A fusion technique of MRI and SPECT images was developed for MRI-guided analysis of regions of interest in(More)
To clarify the factors contributing to patient satisfaction with facial movement after the classic hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis, we examined 46 such patients who consented to an interview and video-recording. No correlation was seen between the physician's evaluation of returned function (according to Yanagihara's 40-point scale and the grading(More)
All planetary materials sampled thus far vary in their relative abundance of the major isotope of oxygen, (16)O, such that it has not been possible to define a primordial solar system composition. We measured the oxygen isotopic composition of solar wind captured and returned to Earth by NASA's Genesis mission. Our results demonstrate that the Sun is highly(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological stress plays an important role in the onset and course of Meniere's disease. Surgical therapy and intratympanic gentamicin treatment are options for cases that are intractable to conventional medical therapy. Psychotherapy, however, including autogenic training (AT), which can be used for general relaxation, is not widely accepted.(More)
The notion of the optimized perturbation, which has been successfully applied to energy eigenvalues, is generalized to treat wave functions of quantum systems. The key ingredient is to construct an envelope of a set of perturba-tive wave functions. This leads to a condition similar to that obtained from the principle of minimal sensitivity. Applications of(More)