Learn More
Recent studies have indicated that brain and gut activities are interrelated and exposure to several stressors, such as water-avoidance stress, stimulates the motor function of the gut through corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-signalling pathways in the brain. Central oxytocin is known to attenuate stress responses, including CRF expression in the brain.(More)
BACKGROUND Clarithromycin (CAM) may have certain indirect effects on Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) other than its inhibitory activity on bacterial growth, as indicated in other infections with Gram-negative micro-organisms. In the present study, we examined the effects of lower concentrations of CAM on the release of heat shock protein B (HspB), one of(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection has been found to decrease the expression of antral somatostatin and to increase the release of the acid-stimulating hormone gastrin. The reversal of these changes in gut hormones by the eradication of H. pylori, and in-vivo and in-vitro studies in animals either infected with H. pylori or exposed to H. pylori-related materials(More)
Regulatory neuropeptides are widely distributed in the gastrointestinal tract, where they play an important role in motility, secretion, and immune and inflammatory responses. In this study, the rectal mucosal content of somatostatin (SOM), substance P (SP), beta-endorphin (BE), and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was measured by radioimmunoassay in 56(More)
There is differential resolution of mucosal infiltration with neutrophils and mononuclear cells following successful Helicobacter pylori eradication. We investigated the effects of H. pylori eradication on mucosal interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-6 activity in relation to the resolution of H. pylori-associated gastritis. Eighty-one duodenal ulcer patients with(More)
Recent studies on psychoneuroimmunology have indicated that positive psychological events are related to immune functions; however, limited information is available regarding associations among the central nervous, endocrine, and immune systems when positive emotions are elicited. In the present study, we demonstrated associations among these systems by(More)
We examined secretion, mRNA expression, and histologic localization of interleukin-8 (IL-*) and growth-related gene product-alpha (GRO alpha) in the Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric antral mucosa. Antral biopsies were obtained from an area of endoscopically intact mucosa. Significantly higher levels of IL-8 and GRO alpha were secreted in organ cultures(More)
The gastric barostat study is the gold standard method for evaluating gastric perception and accommodation. This technique has serious drawbacks, such as expense and invasiveness. Several drinking tests have been developed as noninvasive methods. Such tests are easily performed without special instruments and are well tolerated. We have reported that (1) a(More)
It is hypothesized that experiencing positive emotions such as pleasure leads to a perception of the body being in a positive state. This study demonstrated associations among positive mood, brain, and cardiovascular activities by simultaneously recording these activities when positive emotions were evoked in participants watching films revolving around a(More)
OBJECTIVES Warm physical contact may positively influence our health and well-being; however, it has not been investigated yet whether serum proteins are influenced by warm physical contact in healthy couples. In this study, we focused on psychological and physiological effects of warm partner contact in healthy couples. METHODS When participants freely(More)