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There is differential resolution of mucosal infiltration with neutrophils and mononuclear cells following successful Helicobacter pylori eradication. We investigated the effects of H. pylori eradication on mucosal interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-6 activity in relation to the resolution of H. pylori-associated gastritis. Eighty-one duodenal ulcer patients with(More)
Mucosal chemokines are considered to be important in the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis. The aims of this study are to examine the levels of macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) in organ cultures, the expression of MIP-1alpha mRNA and the cellular source of MIP-1alpha, using the antral mucosal specimens obtained from(More)
Recent studies have indicated that brain and gut activities are interrelated and exposure to several stressors, such as water-avoidance stress, stimulates the motor function of the gut through corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-signalling pathways in the brain. Central oxytocin is known to attenuate stress responses, including CRF expression in the brain.(More)
We examined secretion, mRNA expression, and histologic localization of interleukin-8 (IL-*) and growth-related gene product-alpha (GRO alpha) in the Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric antral mucosa. Antral biopsies were obtained from an area of endoscopically intact mucosa. Significantly higher levels of IL-8 and GRO alpha were secreted in organ cultures(More)
infection has been found to decrease the expression of antral somatostatin and to increase the release of the acid-stimulating hormone gastrin. The reversal of these changes in gut hormones by the eradication of H. pylori, and in-vivo and in-vitro studies in animals either infected with H. pylori or exposed to H. pylori-related materials may support the(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether Helicobacter pylori infection, but not drugs, affects gastric somatostatin, interleukin-8 (IL-8), histological inflammation through eradication therapy, and interactions among these parameters. METHODS Twenty-eight H. pylori-positive patients (21 males; mean age 47.0 years) with either gastric ulcer (GU: n = 11) or(More)
Regulatory neuropeptides are widely distributed in the gastrointestinal tract, where they play an important role in motility, secretion, and immune and inflammatory responses. In this study, the rectal mucosal content of somatostatin (SOM), substance P (SP), β-endorphin (BE), and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was measured by radioimmunoassay in 56(More)
Colorectal hyperalgesia has been supposed to be one of the key pathophysiological roles in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Recent animal models have demonstrated that neonatal maternal deprivation (stress memory) or repetitive rectal distension (pain memory) in neonatal animal triggers long-term hypersensitivity to rectal distension, indicating that(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Antral somatostatin interacts with gastric acid secretion. We aimed to investigate the effect of eradication on gastric acid, somatostatin secretion and mucosal histology in gastric ulcer patients with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. METHODS Twenty-eight patients (21 male, 7 female) with H. pylori-positive gastric ulcer were(More)
Somatostatin suppresses gastrin and somatostatin secretion via somatostatin receptors (SSTRs). Ammonia produced by Helicobacter pylori has been reported to modify gastric gastrin and somatostatin levels. We investigated the distribution of SSTR-subtype 2 (SSTR-2) in relation to gastrin- and somatostatin-containing cells and the effect of ammonia solution(More)