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We have recently shown that endothelin-1 (ET-1) activates two types of Ca2+-permeable nonselective cation channels (designated NSCC-1 and NSCC-2) and store-operated Ca2+ channel (SOCC). These channels can be pharmacologically discriminated using Ca2+ channel blockers such as SK&F 96365 and LOE 908. Here we characterized Ca2+ entry channels involved in(More)
1. Recombinant human ETA receptors were expressed in a mouse fibroblast cell line (Ltk- cell) and functional coupling of the receptors with Ca2+ permeable channels at low concentrations of endothelin-1 (ET-1) was investigated using whole-cell recordings and monitoring the changes in intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) with a Ca2+ indicator,(More)
Membrane potential recordings, made from the circular smooth muscle layer of the gastric antrum taken from mutant mice which lacked the inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) type 1 receptor, were compared with those obtained from the stomach of control (wild-type) mice. Immunostaining of gastric muscles indicated that the distribution and form of c-kit positive(More)
We previously showed a role for a nonselective cation channel (NSCC) in the ETA-dependent action of endothelin-1 in mouse fibroblast and rabbit aortic smooth-muscle cell. To clarify the physiological significance of NSCCs in endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced vasocontraction, we examined the effects of NSCC blockers such as mefenamic acid and SK&F 96365 on the(More)
Nucleotide sequences of the hypervariable region in the D-loop of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were analyzed using DNA extracted from 140 old dental pulp samples. These sequences were compared with the sequence reported by Anderson et al. Nucleotide substitution in the HV1 region was identified at 77 positions. A C-to-T transition at position 16223 (C16223T)(More)
1. The vasocontracting effect of a serine protease trypsin and its mechanisms were investigated by monitoring the isometric tension in endothelium-denuded rings of rabbit thoracic aortae and its effects on intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in dispersed rabbit vascular smooth muscle cells with a Ca2+ indicator fura-2. The actions of trypsin(More)
Nylon-passed spleen cells were found to proliferate when cultured with syngeneic nonparenchymal adherent liver cells and their culture supernatants. The supernatants contained IL-1, IL-6, GM-CSF, and IFN (alpha + beta) activities but not IL-2 and IL-3 activities. The IFN level was higher in early culture sup (2-24 hr) than in later culture sup (48-72 hr).(More)
We studied sex determination from dental calculus by the PCR method using primers which recognize DYZ3 region of Y-chromosome and DXZ1 of X-chromosome. The amounts of DNA obtained from 1.7-25.0 mg of dental calculus samples ranged 0.6-26.4 micrograms, and the majority of DNA was low molecular weight DNA. After PCR amplification, Y and X products were(More)
1. In single vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) isolated from the aortae of male Wistar rats, we examined the effects of nitric oxide (NO) donors such as sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP), and 8-bromo-guanosine-3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-bromo-cyclic GMP) on endothelin-1 (ET-1)-activated Ca(2+)-permeable(More)