Learn More
The potential functional roles of M(3) muscarinic receptors in mouse atria were examined by pharmacological and molecular biological techniques, using wild-type mice, muscarinic M(2) or M(3) receptor single knockout (M(2)KO, M(3)KO), and M(2) and M(3) muscarinic receptor double knockout mice (M(2)/M(3)KO). Real-time quantitative reverse(More)
The effects of catecholamines on spinal motoneurones and spinal reflex discharges were investigated in the isolated spinal cord of newborn rat. Noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Adr), dopamine (DA) and isoproterenol (Iso) caused depolarization of the motoneurones in a dose-dependent manner. The depolarizing action persisted in Ca2+-deficient Krebs solution.(More)
Functional muscarinic acetylcholine receptors present in the mouse uterus were characterized by pharmacological and molecular biological studies using control (DDY and wild-type) mice, muscarinic M2 or M3 single receptor knockout (M2KO, M3KO), and M2 and M3 receptor double knockout mice (M2/M3KO). Carbachol (10 nM-100 microM) increased muscle tonus and(More)
Using mutant mice genetically lacking certain subtypes of muscarinic receptor, we have studied muscarinic signal pathways mediating cationic channel activation in intestinal smooth muscle cells. In cells from M2 subtype-knockout (M2-KO) or M3-KO mice, carbachol (100 microM) evoked a muscarinic cationic current (mI(Cat)) as small as approximately 10% of(More)
Although muscarinic M(2) and M(3) receptors are known to be important for regulation of gastric and small intestinal motility, muscarinic receptor subtypes regulating colonic function remain to be investigated. The aim of this study was to characterize muscarinic receptors involved in regulation of colonic contractility. M(2) and/or M(3) receptor knockout(More)
BACKGROUND The roles of M2 and M3 muscarinic receptor subtypes in the regulation of gut motor activity were investigated. METHODS We simultaneously recorded changes in the intraluminal pressure (IP) and longitudinal tension (LT) in small intestinal segments from M2 or M3 receptor knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. KEY RESULTS In the WT preparations,(More)
Ghrelin has been identified in rainbow trout and goldfish, and it has been shown to regulate growth hormone release and food intake in these species as seen in mammals. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional role of ghrelin in regulation of gastrointestinal contractility in both fishes. Neither rainbow trout ghrelin nor rat ghrelin affected(More)
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), and it stimulates growth hormone (GH) release, food intake and gastrointestinal motility in mammals. Ghrelin has also been identified in the chicken, but this peptide inhibits food intake in the chicken. We examined the effects of ghrelin and related peptides on contractility(More)
In order to characterize prostanoid receptors present in the non-pregnant porcine uterus, the effects of naturally occurring prostaglandins (D2, E2, F2alpha, I2) and synthetic prostanoid receptor agonists on contractility of the longitudinal and circular muscles were examined in vitro. The potent contractile actions of prostaglandin F2alpha and cloprostenol(More)
Myometrial strips isolated from non-pregnant pigs show spontaneous contractile activity. In the present study, the involvement of endogenous prostaglandins in regulation of uterine spontaneous contraction was investigated using mechanical, immunohistochemical and biochemical approaches. Immunohistochemical study and Western blot analysis for immunoreactive(More)