Learn More
The effects of catecholamines on spinal motoneurones and spinal reflex discharges were investigated in the isolated spinal cord of newborn rat. Noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Adr), dopamine (DA) and isoproterenol (Iso) caused depolarization of the motoneurones in a dose-dependent manner. The depolarizing action persisted in Ca2+-deficient Krebs solution.(More)
To determine the pregnancy-associated changes in the porcine uterine contractility, the spontaneous contraction and the mechanical responses to bioactive substances of uteri in nonpregnant proestrus and pregnant pigs (25-60 days of gestation) were compared in vitro. Longitudinal muscle (LM) and circular muscle (CM) of the uterus exhibited spontaneous(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize the subtype of muscarinic receptor that mediates acetylcholine-induced contractions in the nonpregnant proestrus swine myometrium by means of mechanical, radioligand ([3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate) binding and biochemical (measurement of cyclic AMP) approaches. Acetylcholine (-logEC50, 6.12),(More)
1. The effect of substance P on the mechanical activity of carp intestinal bulb smooth muscle was investigated in vitro. 2. Bath-applied substance P (1 nM-1 microM) caused concentration-dependent contraction of the smooth muscle. The EC50 value was 20 +/- 3 nM (N = 13). 3. Pretreatment with tetrodotoxin (780 nM) or atropine (500 nM) partially decreased the(More)
BACKGROUND The roles of M2 and M3 muscarinic receptor subtypes in the regulation of gut motor activity were investigated. METHODS We simultaneously recorded changes in the intraluminal pressure (IP) and longitudinal tension (LT) in small intestinal segments from M2 or M3 receptor knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. KEY RESULTS In the WT preparations,(More)
The Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis is an endangered species that has two separate breeding populations, one in the Amur River basin and the other in north and east Hokkaido, Japan. So far, only two (Gj1 and Gj2) and seven (Gj3-Gj9) haplotypes in D-loop of mtDNA were identified in Japan and in the continent, respectively. We obtained feathers from three(More)
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), and it stimulates growth hormone (GH) release, food intake and gastrointestinal motility in mammals. Ghrelin has also been identified in the chicken, but this peptide inhibits food intake in the chicken. We examined the effects of ghrelin and related peptides on contractility(More)
Ghrelin stimulates gastric motility in vivo in the guinea-pig through activation of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). In this study, we identified GHS-R1a in the guinea-pig, and examined its distribution and cellular function and compared them with those in the rat. Effects of ghrelin in different regions of gastrointestinal tract were also(More)
To clarify the uterine region-dependent distribution of prostanoid receptors, we compared the mechanical responses to selective prostanoid receptor agonists (FP, EP3, DP, EP2) and naturally occurring prostaglandins (PGF2alpha PGE2, PGD2) in longitudinal and circular muscles isolated from three different regions (cornu, corpus and cervix) of the non-pregnant(More)
The aim of the present study was to clarify smooth muscle- and region-dependent distributions of the oxytocin receptor that mediates oxytocin-induced contraction in the nonpregnant porcine myometrium by means of mechanical and radioligand ([3H]-oxytocin) binding studies. In Krebs solution, oxytocin (0.1-300 nM) caused concentration-dependent contractions of(More)