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Eddy-covariance and biometeorological methods show significant net annual carbon uptake in an old-growth Douglas-fir forest in southwestern Washington, USA. These results contrast with previous assumptions that old-growth forest ecosystems are in carbon equilibrium. The basis for differences between conventional biomass-based carbon sequestration estimates(More)
INTRODUCTION To implement ecosystem management, we need basic information about the nature and distribution of ecosystems. To develop this information, we need working definitions of ecosystems and supporting inventories of the components that comprise ecosystems. We also need to understand ecological patterns and processes and the interrelationships of(More)
The formation of pineal 'synaptic' ribbons (SR) may be directly related to the adrenergic innervation of the gland. In order to clarify this relationship, SR populations at various times from 12 h to 14 days after pineal denervation were morphometrically analysed by electron microscopy. Pineal denervation was accomplished by bilateral superior cervical(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the capacity of different visible wavelengths of light to suppress nocturnal levels of pineal melatonin in hamsters. It was found that the visible wavelengths vary in their ability to perturb pineal melatonin. During the period of peak pineal melatonin production, animals were exposed to fluorescent light sources having(More)
Overexpression of the HER-2/neu oncogene appears to have prognostic significance in breast cancer. Recently, some have reported a relationship between increased immunohistochemical expression in osteosarcoma and poor clinical outcome. Despite limited data, a pilot trial of Herceptin, which targets the oncogene product, has been initiated for the therapy of(More)
A stereological analysis was made of synapses in the left and right hemispheres of chick medial hyperstriatum ventrale (MHV) 24h after passive avoidance training (PAL) and in water trained controls (W-control). The synaptic parameters examined were (D), the mean length of the postsynaptic thickening; (NV.syn), the number of synapses per unit volume of(More)
The nighttime rise in pineal melatonin levels can be blocked by administration of the beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist, propranolol, in both Syrian hamsters and rats. Although the administration of beta-adrenergic receptor agonists such as norepinephrine or isoproterenol stimulates pineal melatonin production in the rat, these drugs are without apparent(More)
The diagnosis of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is increasingly made in pregnant women, and the disease may be transmitted to the fetus. Azidothymidine (AZT, Zidovudine) is the one therapeutic agent of some promise in this condition. As there is no information on the transport of this drug by the human placenta, such studies were carried out(More)
"Synaptic" ribbon (SR) populations in the rat pineal gland were analyzed morphometrically at various ages from birth to early adulthood. The rats were born and raised in continuous light or continuous darkness. SR numbers were high irrespective of the presence or absence of light during the early neonatal period. However, SR numbers decreased substantially(More)