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A polysaccharide (CS-F30) obtained from the cultural mycelium of Cordyceps sinensis showed potent hypoglycemic activity in genetic diabetic mice after intraperitoneal administration, and the plasma glucose level was quickly reduced in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice after intravenous administration. Administration of CS-F-30 to normal mice(More)
Glucuronoxylomannan (AC) from the fruiting bodies of Tremella fuciformis exhibited a significant dose-dependent hypoglycemic activity in normal mice and also showed a significant activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, by intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration. The activities of AC-derivatives such as a product of AC which side chains had been(More)
A water-insoluble, alkali-soluble, glucan (AM-APP), [alpha]D +160 degrees in 0.4 M NaOH, was isolated from the alkaline extract of the fruiting bodies of Amanita muscaria. The results of chemical and spectroscopic investigations indicate that AM-APP is a linear (1 --> 3)-alpha-D-glucan with a molecular weigh estimated by gel chromatography of about 42000.(More)
The structure of an anti-diabetic polysaccharide (TAP) obtained from the fruiting bodies of Tremella aurantia was investigated by methylation analysis, Smith degradation, partial acid hydrolysis, 13C-NMR spectrometry, and enzymatic digestion. The results suggested that TAP was composed of (1-->3)-linked alpha-D-mannopyranosyl residues as a backbone, some of(More)
Crude polysaccharides were obtained from a hot-water extract and alkaline extracts of the cultural mycelium of Cordyceps sinensis. They showed significant activity in normal mice and streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice as a result of intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection. A crude polysaccharide (CS-OHEP) obtained from 5% sodium hydroxide extract slightly(More)
Biological activities of two galactomannans (CI-P and CI-A) isolated from the insectbody portion of Chán hua (fungus: Cordyceps cicadae) were studied. CI-P having low affinity for concanavalin A (Con A) exhibited potent carbon-clearance activity in mouse, although both polysaccharides had little antitumor activity against sarcoma 180 in mice. Furthermore,(More)
Biological effects (mitogenic and colony-stimulating factor (CSF)-inducing activities) of five homogeneous polysaccharides and a conjugated polysaccharide fraction isolated from the fruit bodies of Dictyophora indusiata Fisch. were investigated. Fucomammogalactan (T-3-Ad) and conjugated polysaccharide fraction (T-2-A) exhibited significant mitogenic and(More)
A fungus of Pestalotiopsis species produced an extracellular, water-soluble polysaccharide (PS-N). PS-N exhibited significant hypoglycemic activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice following intraperitoneal administration and had an effect on oral glucose tolerance in normal mice following oral administration. PS-N ([alpha]D +34.5 degrees in water)(More)
A carboxymethylated derivative of a linear (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan (CMCD) from Alcaligenes faecalis var. myxogenes acted directly on mouse peritoneal macrophages and mouse lymphoma P388D1 cells, and induced a growth suppressing activity for bovine artery endothelial cells (BAEs) from themselves at a concentration of 100 micrograms/ml. The suppressing activity(More)
The reduction of acute toxicity of paraquat dichloride (PQ) in mice was studied by several sodium sugar sulfates such as dextran sulfate (DS), cellulose sulfate (CS), chondroitin sulfate (CDS), sucrose sulfate (SS) and glucose sulfate (GS). When sugar sulfates (DS, CS, SS or GS, 2,000 mg/kg) were given orally immediately after PQ ingestion (200 mg/kg), the(More)