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Between January 1982 and December 1986, among the 750 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who were treated at two adjacent hospitals in New York City, 78 (10.4 percent) needed evaluation for renal disorders. Reversible acute renal failure due to nephrotoxic injury, ischemic injury, or both was present in 23 patients (30 percent)(More)
  • T K Rao
  • 1996
Renal consequences of HIV disease are diverse: some unique attributable to HIV infection per se and some coincidental reflecting the nature and severity of underlying primary illness. In addition, renal sequelae may also be iatrogenic, owing to a variety of therapeutic agents employed in the management of HIV infection. Renal failure from any cause, both(More)
Among a spectrum of renal disorders encountered in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the lesion studied most often has been the glomerular disease known as HIV-associated nephropathy. Of the other coincidental renal perturbations reported, the most significant are a heterogenous group encompassing potentially reversible acute(More)
Malachite green (MG) (green crystals with metallic luster and very soluble in water) is highly cytotoxic to mammalian cells and also acts as a liver tumor promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to individuals, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have studied the effect of MG on the formation of morphologically(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus associated nephropathy (Hivan) is a distinct renal disease described in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Hivan is characterized by a nephrotic syndrome, enlarged kidneys, a histologic finding of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis, and a very rapid progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).(More)
A retrospective analysis of 202 consultations for preoperative cardiology evaluation was conducted. The most common problems generating the consultation were: (1) abnormal electrocardiogram, 45 patients; (2) chest pain, 36 patients; (3) history of myocardial infarction, 27 patients; (4) dysrhythmia, 25 patients; and (5) hypertension, 23 patients. The most(More)
The objective of this study was to define the demographic, immunologic, and clinical characteristics of children with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS nephropathy, and contrast this with the existing adult data. Data from 62 pediatric patients with AIDS who were treated at SUNY Health Science Center, Brooklyn, New York, between 1983 and(More)
The superimposition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, associated opportunistic infections, and anti-retroviral therapy further worsens the severity of anemia in patients also suffering from end-stage renal disease. A major cause of anemia in renal failure is a deficiency of erythropoietin. The causes of anemia in HIV disease include direct(More)