T. Kendall Harden

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The orphan receptor GPR80 (also called GPR99) was recently reported to be the P2Y(15) receptor activated by AMP and adenosine and coupled to increases in cyclic AMP accumulation and intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization (Inbe et al. J Biol Chem 2004; 279: 19790-9). However, the cell line (HEK293) used to carry out those studies endogenously expresses A(2A) and(More)
Despite the discovery of heterotrimeric αβγ G proteins ∼25 years ago, their selective perturbation by cell-permeable inhibitors remains a fundamental challenge. Here we report that the plant-derived depsipeptide FR900359 (FR) is ideally suited to this task. Using a multifaceted approach we systematically characterize FR as a selective inhibitor of Gq/11/14(More)
Although elucidation of the medicinal chemistry of agonists and antagonists of the P2Y receptors has lagged behind that of many other members of group A G protein-coupled receptors, detailed qualitative and quantitative structure-activity relationships (SARs) were recently constructed for several of the subtypes. Agonists selective for P2Y(1), P2Y(2), and(More)
In addition to their role in glycosylation reactions, UDP-sugars are released from cells and activate widely distributed cell surface P2Y14 receptors (P2Y14R). However, the physiological/pathophysiological consequences of UDP-sugar release are incompletely defined. Here, we report that UDP-glucose levels are abnormally elevated in lung secretions from(More)
UDP and UDP-glucose activate the P2Y14 receptor (P2Y14R) to modulate processes related to inflammation, diabetes, and asthma. A computational pipeline suggested alternatives to naphthalene of a previously reported P2Y14R antagonist (3, PPTN) using docking and molecular dynamics simulations on a hP2Y14R homology model based on P2Y12R structures. By(More)
The P2Y14 receptor (P2Y14R), one of eight P2Y G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), is involved in inflammatory, endocrine, and hypoxic processes and is an attractive pharmaceutical target. The goal of this research is to develop high-affinity P2Y14R fluorescent probes based on the potent and highly selective antagonist(More)
Accurate in silico models for the quantitative prediction of the activity of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands would greatly facilitate the process of drug discovery and development. Several methodologies have been developed based on the properties of the ligands, the direct study of the receptor-ligand interactions, or a combination of both(More)
P2Y receptors are G protein coupled receptors that respond to extracellular nucleotides to promote a multitude of signaling events. Our laboratory has purified several P2Y receptors with the goal of providing molecular insight into their: (1) ligand binding properties, (2) G protein signaling selectivities, and (3) regulation by RGS proteins and other(More)
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