T Karayannis

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17O- and 14N-nmr chemical shifts and line widths of the carboxyl and amino terminal groups of Leu-enkephalin--Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-[17O]Leu-Oh--and enkephalin-related fragments--[17O]Leu-OH, Phe-[17O]Leu-OH, Gly-Phe-[17O]Leu-OH, and Gly-Gly-Phe-[17O]Leu-OH--were measured in aqueous solution over the entire H pH range. Enrichment in 17O was achieved by(More)
The synthesis of Leu-enkephalin selectively 17O-enriched in Gly2 and Gly3 is reported. The 17O-nmr chemical shifts of [17O-Gly2, Leu5]- and [17O-Gly3, Leu5]-enkephalins in H2O are almost identical and independent of the pH. Since hydrogen bonding is the dominant factor governing the chemical shifts of the peptide oxygen, it can be concluded that the(More)
Solvent-induced and temperature-induced 17O chemical shifts of [17O-Gly2, Leu5]-enkephalin and [17O-Gly3, Leu5]-enkephalin and solvent-induced spectral modifications of the amide-I' stretching vibrations of [1-13C-Gly2, Leu5]-enkephalin and [1-13C-Gly2, Leu5]-enkephalin are reported and correlated with the spectroscopic characteristics of model amides. It(More)
The ionization state of Leu-enkephalin in DMSO and MeCN/DMSO (4/1) solution was studied by the combined use of 17O NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. After lyophilization of an aqueous solution at nearly neutral pH, Leu-enkephalin essentially exists in the uncharged state in MeCN/DMSO (4/1) solution. In pure DMSO, only 40% of the Leu-enkephalin molecules are in(More)
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