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Chlorogenic acid is a major polyphenolic component of many plants and beverages, and is particularly abundant in coffee. We evaluated the neuroprotective effects of chlorogenic acid on learning and memory impairment induced by scopolamine (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.), a muscarinic antagonist, using the Y-maze, passive avoidance, and Morris water maze tests. The(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) exerts chemotactic activity on neutrophils at inflammatory sites to eliminate invading bacteria. To investigate whether the preterm fetus with chorioamnionitis produces IL-8, the titers of IL-8 were examined in sera of babies with (n = 38) and without chorioamnionitis (n = 34) using an EIA kit specific for IL-8. The infected babies had(More)
In the present study, we examined whether aqueous extract of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark (EUE) with graded doses exerted its neuroprotective effects on amyloid beta(25-35) (Aβ(25-35))-induced learning and memory impairments in mice. Mice received a single intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of Aβ(25-35) 6 nmol as the critical factor in Alzheimer's(More)
We investigated the cytotoxic effects of various cytokines secreted by macrophages or T lymphocytes on luteal cells, and the role of nitric oxide (NO) produced by luteal cells in cytotoxic actions of cytokines. Mouse luteal cells were cultured in serum-free medium with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or interleukin-1(More)
The status of preservation of the ability to secrete cytokines, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha), and IL-6, and the cytokine-mediated regulatory cascade was investigated in four choriocarcinoma cell lines. Each cell line constitutively produced IL-6, but not IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, or TNF alpha. Jar and HCCM-5 cells(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophages and T lymphocytes have been identified in the regressing corpus luteum, and they are thought to participate in structural luteolysis (destruction and removal of luteal cells). Since these cells produce cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), we investigated the effects of these two(More)
A 47-year-old woman with phaeochromocytoma showed blood pressure changes characterized by the regular appearance of hypertension at night. The urinary excretion of catecholamines and their metabolites showed augmentation roughly parallel with the elevation of the blood pressure. During normotensive periods, the urinary excretion of catecholamines and their(More)
Using a transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta)-sensitive cell line, Mv1Lu (or CCL 64), we demonstrated that trophoblasts predominantly produced a latent form of TGF beta. After converting latent TGF beta to active TGF beta in vitro by acid (pH 2.5), alkali (pH 10.0), or heat (90 C; 10 min) treatment, addition of rabbit anti-TGF beta 1 antiserum resulted(More)
Male Fischer 344 rats weighing 80-90 g were fed on a copper-depleted diet supplemented with 0.6% triethylenetetramine tetrahydrochloride (a copper chelator), and the death of pancreatic acinar cells of these rats was investigated morphologically and biochemically. The weight of the pancreas of these rats decreased from 3 weeks after feeding, and(More)