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Magnetic resonance diffusion tensor tractography is a powerful tool for the non-invasive depiction of the white matter architecture in the human brain. However, due to limitations in the underlying tensor model, the technique is often unable to reconstruct correct trajectories in heterogeneous fiber arrangements, such as axonal crossings. A novel(More)
When both detections and responses to visual stimuli are performed within one and the same hemisphere, manual reaction times (RTs) are faster than when the two operations are carried out in different hemispheres. A widely accepted explanation for this difference is that it reflects the time lost in callosal transmission. Interhemispheric transfer time can(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor and diffusion-weighted spinal cord imaging remain relatively unexplored techniques despite demonstrations that such images can be obtained and may yield clinically relevant findings. In this study, we examined the temporal dynamics of spinal cord motion and their impact on diffusion tensor image quality. METHODS(More)
Day-to-day memories undergo transformation from short-term to long-term storage, a process called memory consolidation. Animal studies showed that memory consolidation requires protein synthesis and the growth of new hippocampal synapses within 24 h. To test for effects of memory consolidation in the human, we examined brain activation during the retrieval(More)
The human cortex reportedly contains at least five nonprimary motor areas: in the frontolateral convexity, the dorsal and ventral premotor cortex (PMd and PMv), and in the frontomesial wall, the presupplementary and supplementary motor areas (pre-SMA and SMA), and the rostral, dorsal and ventral cingulate areas (CMAr, CMAd, and CMAv). Activation of these(More)
Acute mountain sickness is common among not acclimatized persons ascending to high altitude; the underlying mechanism is unknown, but may be related to cerebral edema. Nine healthy male students were studied before and after 6-h exposure to isobaric hypoxia. Subjects inhaled room air enriched with N(2) to obtain arterial O(2) saturation values of 75 to 80%.(More)
PURPOSE To construct a temperature-controlled diffusion phantom with known diffusion properties and geometry in order to facilitate the comparison and optimization of diffusion sequences with the objective of increasing the precision of experimentally derived diffusion parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS A temperature-stabilized diffusion phantom made up of(More)
The potential signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) gain at ultrahigh field strengths offers the promise of higher image resolution in single-shot diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging the challenge being reduced T(2) and T(2) * relaxation times and increased B(0) inhomogeneity which lead to geometric distortions and image blurring. These can be addressed using(More)
While holding vast potential, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with single-excitation protocols still faces serious challenges. Limited spatial resolution, susceptibility to magnetic field inhomogeneity, and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) may be considered the most prominent limitations. It is demonstrated that all of these shortcomings can be effectively(More)
The global muscle and collagen fiber orientation in the human uterus has been analyzed hitherto by various standard microscopic techniques. However, no widely accepted model of the fiber architecture of the myometrium could be acquired. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the uterus by magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)(More)