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Magnetic resonance diffusion tensor tractography is a powerful tool for the non-invasive depiction of the white matter architecture in the human brain. However, due to limitations in the underlying tensor model, the technique is often unable to reconstruct correct trajectories in heterogeneous fiber arrangements, such as axonal crossings. A novel(More)
When both detections and responses to visual stimuli are performed within one and the same hemisphere, manual reaction times (RTs) are faster than when the two operations are carried out in different hemispheres. A widely accepted explanation for this difference is that it reflects the time lost in callosal transmission. Interhemispheric transfer time can(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor and diffusion-weighted spinal cord imaging remain relatively unexplored techniques despite demonstrations that such images can be obtained and may yield clinically relevant findings. In this study, we examined the temporal dynamics of spinal cord motion and their impact on diffusion tensor image quality. METHODS(More)
Limited spatial resolution is a key obstacle to the study of brain white matter structure with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). In its frequent implementation with single-excitation spin-echo echo-planar sequences, DTI's ability to resolve small structures is strongly restricted by T2 and T2* decay, B0 inhomogeneity, and limited signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).(More)
The human cortex reportedly contains at least five nonprimary motor areas: in the frontolateral convexity, the dorsal and ventral premotor cortex (PMd and PMv), and in the frontomesial wall, the presupplementary and supplementary motor areas (pre-SMA and SMA), and the rostral, dorsal and ventral cingulate areas (CMAr, CMAd, and CMAv). Activation of these(More)
Day-to-day memories undergo transformation from short-term to long-term storage, a process called memory consolidation. Animal studies showed that memory consolidation requires protein synthesis and the growth of new hippocampal synapses within 24 h. To test for effects of memory consolidation in the human, we examined brain activation during the retrieval(More)
While holding vast potential, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with single-excitation protocols still faces serious challenges. Limited spatial resolution, susceptibility to magnetic field inhomogeneity, and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) may be considered the most prominent limitations. It is demonstrated that all of these shortcomings can be effectively(More)
A powerful, non-invasive technique for estimating and visualizing white matter tracts in the human brain in vivo is white matter fiber tractography that uses magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging. The success of this method depends strongly on the capability of the applied tracking algorithm and the quality of the underlying data set. However,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The inherent low anisotropy of gray matter and the lack of adequate imaging sensitivity and resolution has, so far, impeded depiction of axonal fibers to their intracortical origin or termination. We tested the hypothesis that an experimental approach with high-resolution diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides anisotropic data for(More)
There have been few investigations on hemodynamic responses in the human cortex resulting from dental stimulation. Identification of cortical areas involved in stimulus perception may offer new targets for pain treatment. This initial study aimed at establishing a cortical map of dental representation, based on non-invasive fMRI measurements. Five(More)