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Polyspermic fertilization and embryo quality are important issues for the in vitro production of pig embryos. We hypothesized that oocyte donor (prepubertal gilt vs. sow) affects polyspermy and blastocyst development in vitro and that the sexual maturity of the oocyte donor affects the response to sperm concentration in the fertilization medium. In Exp. 1,(More)
Two experiments evaluated the ability of maternal fatty acid supplementation to alter conceptus and endometrial fatty acid composition. In Exp. 1, treatments were 1) the control, a corn-soybean meal diet; 2) flax, the control diet plus ground flax (3.75% of diet); and 3) protected fatty acids (PFA), the control plus a protected fish oil source rich in n-3(More)
Maternal colostral leucocytes (CL) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) enter the neonatal circulation after ingestion in pigs and cattle. Porcine umbilical cord matrix stem cells (PUCs) are relatively non-immunogenic after initial allogeneic transplantation. Using intestinal explant cultures incubated with labelled cells and confocal microscopy,(More)
GH3 cells can be used effectively to study the in vitro mechanism of action of GRF. In these cells, there is a time and concentration-dependent release of cAMP into the medium. Rat hypothalamic GRF, (rGRF) is 7 to 10 fold more active than human hypothalamic GRF (hGRF). VIP, a peptide which is structurally homologous to GRF, stimulates cAMP efflux in GH3(More)
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