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Despite long-term efforts to use appropriate dental equipment for treating dental caries in economically less developed countries, the predominant treatment remains extraction. The reasons for this failure to save teeth are given in this paper. Supported by results of research undertaken in economically developed countries, a 15-step treatment module for(More)
In a stratified multi-stage random sample, 1600 persons of 60 years and older in Shanghai, People's Republic of China, were investigated for periodontal conditions using the CPITN method. Periodontal conditions seemed to deteriorate steadily but rather slowly with increasing age. In the older age groups, there was a trend for an increased proportion of both(More)
Periodontal conditions were assessed by CPITN and loss of attachment in 601 elderly people randomly selected in Kitakyushu, Japan. The percentage of edentulous persons was 21 per cent, 38 per cent and 65 per cent in the 65-74 year, 75-84 year and 85 years and older groups, respectively. In dentate persons, over 60 per cent had pocket probing depths of 4mm(More)
This study compares the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) technique to conventional amalgam restorations in the management of dental caries. The present report is limited to the results for one-surface restorations in the permanent dentition over a three-year period. A community field trial was carried out in rural villages in northeastern Thailand.(More)
Results of 28 CPITN surveys in 24 countries for the age group 35-44 years, stored in the WHO Global Oral Data Bank as of 1 July 1986 are assembled in an overview presenting: percentages of persons according to the highest score for each person, the estimated national percentages of edentulousness and the mean numbers of sextants affected per person. It is(More)
Extraction is the most common dental treatment provided for people in rural and suburban areas in many less-industrialised countries. By comparison, restorative care is rarely provided. In order to improve such situations, a treatment technique has been developed based only on hand excavation of carious lesions and using glass-ionomer cement as a filling(More)
Synthesis of surfactant-associated glycoprotein of Mr = 30,000-35,000 (SAP-35) was induced in explant culture of human fetal lung obtained from 8 to 24 weeks of gestation. SAP-35 synthesis and content increased markedly during 1-5 days in organ culture in association with the morphologic maturation of Type II epithelial cells and the appearance of lamellar(More)
Results of more than 100 CPITN surveys from over 60 countries for the age group 15-19 years, stored in the WHO Global Oral Data Bank as of 1 August 1990, are assembled. They are presented in the form of graphs showing the mean number of sextants affected per person and arranged by country according to WHO regions. It is hoped that these overviews provide a(More)
A CPITN survey was conducted on 1958 institutionalised elderly people aged 59 years and older at 29 of the 30 public and private institutions in the city of Kitakyushu, Japan. About 60 per cent of the sample was edentulous, and the prevalence of periodontal conditions was high. The percentages of dentate subjects with healthy gingivae, bleeding on probing,(More)
Synthetic oligonucleotide probes were used to identify a cloned DNA fragment from the cyanobacterium Agmenellum quadruplicatum that contains the genes for the alpha and beta subunits of C-phycocyanin. The coding region for the alpha-subunit gene begins 108 base pairs downstream from the 3' end of the beta-subunit structural gene. The sequences of the coding(More)