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The widely used immunosuppressant cyclosporine A (CSA) blocks nuclear translocation of the transcription factor, NF-AT (nuclear factor of activated T cells), preventing its activity. mRNA for several NF-AT isoforms has been shown to exist in cells outside of the immune system, suggesting a possible mechanism for side effects associated with CSA treatment.(More)
Angiotensin II is an important effector molecule controlling blood pressure and volume in the cardiovascular system. Its importance is manifested by the efficacy of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure. Angiotensin II interacts with two pharmacologically distinct subtypes of cell-surface(More)
The affinities of 34 adrenergic antagonists for alpha-2 adrenergic receptors were determined from homogenate radioligand binding studies using [3H]yohimbine and [3H]rauwolscine. It has been suggested that alpha-2 adrenergic receptors can be subdivided into alpha-2A and alpha-2B subtypes. Oxymetazoline is selective for alpha-2A receptors, whereas prazosin is(More)
Receptors for the serine protease thrombin and for lysophospholipids are coupled to G proteins and control a wide range of cellular functions, including mitogenesis. Activators of these receptors are present in blood, and can enter the brain during central nervous system (CNS) injury. Reactive astrogliosis, a prominent component of CNS injury with(More)
The ability to target gene deletion to a specific cellular compartment via the Cre/loxP system has been a powerful tool in the analysis of broadly expressed genes. Here, we report the generation of a transgenic mouse line in which expression of Cre-recombinase is under the regulatory control of the VE-Cadherin promoter. Temporal distribution and activity of(More)
The alpha-2 adrenergic receptors have been subdivided into two pharmacological subtypes known as alpha-2A and alpha-2B. The OK cell, a cell line derived from an opossum kidney, expresses an alpha-2 adrenergic receptor which has pharmacological characteristics different from both the alpha-2A and alpha-2B subtypes, and thus may be a third subtype. To test(More)
This study sought to determine whether angiogenic blood vessels in disease models preferentially bind and internalize cationic liposomes injected intravenously. Angiogenesis was examined in pancreatic islet cell tumors of RIP-Tag2 transgenic mice and chronic airway inflammation in Mycoplasma pulmonis-infected C3H/HeNCr mice. For comparison, physiological(More)
Although we tend to think that the immune system has evolved to protect the host from invading pathogens and to discriminate between self and nonself, there must also be an element of the immune system that has evolved to control the response to tissue injury. Moreover, these potential immune-regulatory pathways controlling the injury response have likely(More)
Chronic inflammation is associated with blood vessel proliferation and enlargement and changes in vessel phenotype. We sought to determine whether these changes represent different types of angiogenesis and whether they are stimulus dependent. Chronic airway inflammation, produced by infection with Mycoplasma pulmonis, was compared in strains of mice known(More)