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A total of 164 samples of 18 degrees C ready-to-eat (RTE) food products, purchased in 1999-2000 from convenience stores and supermarkets in central Taiwan, were examined to determine the microbiological quality of these products. The 18 degrees C RTE food products, manufactured by 16 factories, were divided into groups based on the type of food and their(More)
Microalgae have been a popular edible food, but there are no known reports on the antioxidative peptides derived from microalgae. The algae protein waste, which is normally discarded as animal feed, is a by-product during production of algae essence from microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris. Algae protein waste was hydrolyzed using pepsin, and a potent(More)
Algae protein waste is a byproduct during production of algae essence from Chlorella vulgaris. There is no known report on the anticancer peptides derived from the microalgae protein waste. In this paper, the peptide fraction isolated from pepsin hydrolysate of algae protein waste had strong dose-dependent antiproliferation and induced a post-G1 cell cycle(More)
Phaffia rodozyma CCRC-21346, CBS-6938, and CBS-5908 were treated with mutagenic agent NTG (N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine) several times, then they were plated onto yeast-malt agar containing beta-ionone as a selective medium. Several isolates had increased astaxanthin content compared with the parental natural isolates. NCHU-FS301, one of the NTG(More)
The microbiological safety of fresh produce is a significant concern of consumers and industry. After applying at an inoculated level (about 10(6) CFUg(-1)) of E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium on shredded iceberg lettuce and water samples individually, they were stored at 4 degrees C for 14 days and 22 degrees C for 7 days to(More)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) must possess probiotic properties in order to be beneficial to humans and animals. The adherent properties, the acid and bile tolerance as well as the macrophage activation ability of isolated LAB strains were investigated in this study. The adhesion was analyzed following heat, acid, trypsin, and sodium periodate treatments.(More)
The oriental melon (Cucumis melo L. var. makuwa cv. ‘Silver Light’) is an important fruit crop in the tropical and subtropical regions. However, oriental melon production is severely decreased by fungal diseases. In this study, antifungal protein (AFP) and chitinase (CHI) fusion genes were introduced into oriental melons to control fungal diseases caused by(More)
The productivity and extractability of astaxanthin in a mixed culture of Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (formerly Phaffia rhodozyma) NCHU-FS501, an astaxanthin over-producing mutant, and Bacillus circulans CCRC 11590 was evaluated in a 1.5 l fermentor using a two-stage batch fermentation technique. The first stage was for X. dendrorhous cultivation. The(More)
The production of a low molecular weight xylanase by Aspergillus carneus M34 was investigated in solid-state fermentation using agricultural waste as the substrate. Experimental designs were practiced for optimisation of the medium composition. When agricultural wastes of coba husk and corn steep liquor were used in the ratio of 4.5:0.5, a 22.5% increase of(More)
Eighty-three isolates from different soil samples exhibited the potential for producing active extracellular phytase. The most active fungal isolate with phytase activity was identified asPenicillium simplicissimum. In shaking culture with enrichment medium, the highest extracellular phytase activity of the producing strain was 3.8 U/mL. The crude enzyme(More)