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Acute deep-vein thrombosis is usually treated with intravenous heparin for a number of days, then with oral anticoagulants for weeks to months. We have compared adjusted-dose warfarin sodium with fixed low-dose subcutaneous heparin in the prevention of recurrent deep-vein thrombosis. Sixty-eight patients with acute deep-vein thrombosis confirmed by(More)
During the past 11 years, the Metro Toronto Glomerulonephritis Registry has prospectively followed all cases of glomerulonephritis starting from the time of biopsy. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis was diagnosed by strict histologic criteria in 103 patients. Exclusion of patients with follow-up of less than 12 months reduced the number to 93 (55 adults(More)
The new Utilization and Financial Index (UF-Index) was developed to measure the economic effects of deployment of new health professionals or of other changes in the provision of health services. By means of several steps, information on concurrent use of various categories of health service is converted into a single quantitative index. The index has been(More)
The impact of multidisciplinary teams that incorporate nurse practitioners on total use of health services was measured with the new Utilization and Financial Index (UF-Index). The data from two studies, a randomized controlled trial and a before-and-after study, showed that, in spite of large increases in use of ambulatory services by practice populations(More)
We conducted a prospective randomized study in which patients with biopsy-confirmed idiopathic membranous nephropathy were assigned to receive either a six-month course of prednisone given on alternate days (45 mg per square meter of body-surface area; n = 81) or no specific treatment (n = 77). The mean duration of follow-up was 48 months. Patients in the(More)
A prospective study of 20 normal subjects was undertaken to determine the effect of three ankle positions (active dorsiflexion, active plantar flexion, natural or rest position) on comfort and facilitation of quadriceps contraction in isometric strengthening in a supine position with the hip and knee fully extended. Surface EMG activity was found to be(More)
The importance of Berkson’s bias (a systematic bias in the distribution of disease amongst hospitalized patients) in certain types of hospital based research has not been substantiated with empirical data. This paper firstly reviews the theoretical origins of the bias and secondly attempts to provide supportive empirical evidence. The basis of the analysis(More)