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Activity-dependent Fos-like expression was investigated immunohistochemically in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) that had performed vibratory-evoked startle responses. We found significantly higher numbers of Fos-like-immunoreactive neurons in the reticular formation, in the octavolateral area, and in several cranial nerve motor nuclei in the brain and(More)
A polyclonal antibody raised against a conserved region of a mammalian FOS sequence was tested for its use as an activity marker in the rainbow trout. The FOS-like expression in the trout is entirely cytoplasmic and appears in a Nissl-like pattern. The reaction is specifically induced by both orthodromic and antidromic electrical stimuli and during motor(More)
In order to find arguments for a selective innervation and modulation of the fast and slow spinal motoneurons in the zebrafish, we determined: the territories occupied by the dendritic trees of the large spinal motoneurons innervating the fast white muscle (WMNs) and those of the smaller motoneurons (RIMNs) innervating the slower red and intermediate(More)
We have investigated whether separate supraspinal systems exist that mediate overruling, local modulation, initiation and termination of the spinal network for locomotion. We show that the overruling and modulating systems lie intermingled in the brainstem, but can be separated by several criteria. Initiation and termination probably relate to one system(More)
Oligonucleotide primers were used in polymerase chain reaction assays to detect tetracycline-resistant determinants Tet K and Tet L. Forty-three isolates representing 11 genera carrying Tet K and/or Tet L determinants gave appropriate PCR products. The PCR products hybridized with labelled Tet K or Tet L probes, and differentiated the Tet K from the Tet L(More)
The foot of the simple metazoan Hydra is a highly dynamic body region of constant tissue movement, cell proliferation, determination and differentiation. Previously, two genes have been shown to participate in the development and differentiation of this body region: homeodomain factor CnNK-2 and signal peptide pedibin [Dev. Biol. 180 (1996) 473; Development(More)
Homeodomain transcription factor CnNK-2 seems to play a major role in foot formation in Hydra. Recently, we reported in vitro evidence indicating that CnNK-2 has autoregulatory features and regulates expression of the morphogenetic peptide pedibin. We proposed that CnNK-2 and pedibin synergistically orchestrate foot differentiation processes. Here, we(More)
We have investigated the detail with which supraspinal neurons innervate different regions in the spinal cord. Horseradish peroxidase was applied at different levels of the cord: (1) to the cut surface; (2) injected iontophoretically into one side; or (3) into one of the motoneuron pools innervating different muscle compartments. In all cases, labeled(More)
To determine whether the topographically organized retinal input to the optic tectum is subsequently mapped onto the reticular formation, the responses of antidromically identified reticulospinal cells to tectal surface stimulation were investigated in 45 decerebrated, paralysed trout. The tectum was stimulated through a silver ball surface electrode at 24(More)
Cells of origin of descending spinal pathways in eels of different body lengths (15-59 cm) were identified by labelling them retrogradely with horseradish peroxidase from the rostral spinal cord. The aim was to determine whether changes in size, number and distribution of these neurons take place in line with changes in the size of the spinal targets that(More)
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