T. Isobe

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The fractional anisotropy (FA) is calculated by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with multiple motion probing gradients (MPG). While FA has become a widely used tool to detect moderate changes in water diffusion in brain tissue, the measured value is sensitive to scan parameters (e.g. MPG-direction, signal to noise ratio, etc.). Therefore, it is(More)
BACKGROUND Choline (Cho) containing compounds are usually evaluated using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) by relative ratios such as Cho/N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and Cho/creatine (Cre) ratios. To clarify the significance of Cho level in gliomas, we evaluated the quantified Cho level using MRS and compared it with the proliferation activity as(More)
We examined the steady-state levels of mRNA for gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS), multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and human canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT) in human lung cancer specimens to elucidate their roles in relation to platinum drug resistance in vivo. Seventy-six autopsy samples (38 primary(More)
Lactate is an important metabolite in clinical cases indicating the status of metabolic impairment. We applied a clinically relevant simple method for lactate quantification using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). We used two long in-phase echo time (TE=272,544 ms) to calculate T2 relaxation time and the absolute concentration of lactate. This method(More)
The evaluation of the response to radiation therapy in brain tumor patients is a major and an important issue. Although CT and MRI can measure changes in tumor size, it is difficult to use these imaging methods to evaluate the viability or the proliferation activity of a tumor. In this study, we investigated the metabolite changes in glioma patients using(More)
In this paper, we present a multi-domain spoken dialogue system equipped with the capability of parallel computation of speech-recognition engines that are assigned to each domain. The experimental system is set up to handle three different domains (restaurant information, weather report, and news query) in an in-car usage. All of these tasks are of(More)
INTRODUCTION This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between quantitative proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and pathological changes in meningioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-two meningioma cases underwent single voxel 1H-MRS (point-resolved spectroscopy sequence, repetition time/echo time = 2,000 ms/68, 136, 272 ms). Absolute(More)
OBJECT Ventriculomegaly is a common imaging finding in many types of conditions. It is difficult to determine whether it is related to true hydrocephalus or to an atrophic process by using only imaging procedures such as MR imaging after traumatic injury, stroke, or infectious disease. Diffusion tensor (DT) imaging can distinguish the compression(More)
Intracranial hemangioblastomas (HBs) are hypervascular neoplasms mainly located in the posterior fossa of the central nervous system. Preoperative embolization of the feeding arteries is one proposal for reduction of intraoperative hemorrhage, although indications for the procedures should be evaluated carefully due to the potential complications. This(More)