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WSX-1 is a member of the class I cytokine receptor family with homology to IL-12R beta 2 and is essential for the initial mounting of Th1 responses. STAT1 interacts with tyrosine-phosphorylated WSX-1, and the conserved tyrosine residue of the cytoplasmic domain of WSX-1 is essential for transcriptional activation of STAT1. IL-27 stimulation induced STAT1(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common cause of blindness in older individuals. To accelerate the understanding of AMD biology and help design new therapies, we executed a collaborative genome-wide association study, including >17,100 advanced AMD cases and >60,000 controls of European and Asian ancestry. We identified 19 loci associated at P <(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is a macrophage/monocyte-derived polypeptide which modulates the expression of various genes in vascular endothelial cells and induces angiogenesis. However, the underlying mechanism by which TNF-alpha mediates angiogenesis is not completely understood. In this study, we assessed whether TNF-alpha-induced angiogenesis(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness worldwide, is as prevalent as cancer in industrialized nations. Most blindness in AMD results from invasion of the retina by choroidal neovascularisation (CNV). Here we show that the eosinophil/mast cell chemokine receptor CCR3 is specifically expressed in choroidal neovascular endothelial(More)
Inflammation affects the formation and the progression of various vitreoretinal diseases. We performed a comprehensive analysis of inflammatory immune mediators in the vitreous fluids from total of 345 patients with diabetic macular edema (DME, n = 92), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR, n = 147), branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO, n = 30), central(More)
The characteristic localization of ion channels is crucial for the propagation of saltatory conduction in myelinated nerves. Voltage-gated Na(+) channels are located at nodes of Ranvier while voltage-gated K(+) channels are mainly found at juxtaparanodal regions. Recently, a humoral factor secreted by oligodendrocytes has been reported to induce clustering(More)
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is directly related to visual loss in some eye diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration. Although several human histological studies have suggested the participation of macrophages in CNV formation, the precise mechanisms are still not fully understood. In this study, we elucidated the role of ocular-infiltrating(More)
METHODS. PPAR-g expression in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and bovine choroidal endothelial cells (CECs) was determined using an RNase protection assay and Western blot analysis. Two PPAR-g ligands, troglitazone (TRO) and rosiglitazone (RSG; 0.1–20 mM), were used to assess effects on RPE and CEC proliferation and migration and CEC tube(More)
PURPOSE To examine the prevalence and systemic associations of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS) in a Japanese population. METHODS In 1998, a cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted among residents of Hisayama. Of a total of 3054 residents living in Hisayama, Japan, aged 50 years or older, 1844 consented to participate in the study. Each(More)
Proteasomes are the multi-subunit protease thought to play a key role in the generation of peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. When cells are stimulated with interferon gamma, two MHC-encoded subunits, low molecular mass polypeptide (LMP) 2 and LMP7, and the MECL1 subunit encoded outside the MHC are incorporated(More)