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We characterized the role of the E-cadherin adhesion system in the formation of epithelial tight junctions using the calcium switch model. In MDCK cells cultured in low (micromolar) calcium levels, the tight junctional protein Zonula Occludens-1 (ZO-1) is distributed intracellularly in granular clusters, the larger of which codistribute with E-cadherin. Two(More)
Friend erythroleukemia cells, grown in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide for 3 d, synthesize unequal amounts of the two chains (alpha and beta) of spectrin with approximately 15-30% more beta than alpha spectrin. When cells were ruptured by nitrogen cavitation, nascent alpha and beta spectrin were found to be associated with a membranous cell fraction and(More)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and newer serologic assays for hepatitis C virus (HCV) were used to investigate 19 HCV cross-challenge episodes in chimpanzees. In these cross-challenges, 59% showed seroconversion after challenge, 33% showed reappearance of HCV-associated hepatocellular ultrastructural changes, 5 animals not PCR-positive at the time of(More)
The rare McLeod blood group phenotype is characterized by weak Kell antigens, lack of the common Kx antigen, and acanthocytic morphology. Previous studies that did not detect membrane or cytoskeletal protein abnormalities suggested a lipid disturbance. In normal red cells, dimyristoyl phosphatidylserine (DMPS) is transported across the membrane by an(More)
We have investigated the involvement of a cysteine protease in the development of Onchocerca volvulus fourth stage larvae (L4) by testing the effect of cysteine protease inhibitors on the survival of third stage larvae (L3), and the molting of L3 to L4 in vitro. When larvae were cultured in the presence of specific inhibitors, the peptidyl(More)
Two patients with striatal atrophy and a clinical syndrome consistent with choreoacanthocytosis had normal dried blood smears but their red cells demonstrated an abnormal sensitivity to various conditions known to promote discocyte-echinocyte transformation. Dilution in normal saline, in vitro aging, and contact with glass caused a great proportion of these(More)
A cDNA clone designated OV7 encodes a polypeptide that corresponds to a highly antigenic Onchocerca volvulus protein. OV7 has significant amino acid sequence homology to the cystatin superfamily of cysteine proteinase inhibitors. In this report we establish that the OV7 recombinant protein is active as a cysteine proteinase inhibitor, and we have named it(More)