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We characterized the role of the E-cadherin adhesion system in the formation of epithelial tight junctions using the calcium switch model. In MDCK cells cultured in low (micromolar) calcium levels, the tight junctional protein Zonula Occludens-1 (ZO-1) is distributed intracellularly in granular clusters, the larger of which codistribute with E-cadherin. Two(More)
The identification and characterization of a recombinant cDNA clone (OV103) expressing a microfilarial surface-associated antigen of Onchocerca volvulus is described. OV103 was identified and isolated from a lambda gt11 cDNA expression library derived from adult O. volvulus mRNA using a chimpanzee antiserum, taken 2 years after infection with third-stage(More)
A cDNA clone designated OV7 encodes a polypeptide that corresponds to a highly antigenic Onchocerca volvulus protein. OV7 has significant amino acid sequence homology to the cystatin superfamily of cysteine proteinase inhibitors. In this report we establish that the OV7 recombinant protein is active as a cysteine proteinase inhibitor, and we have named it(More)
Highly insoluble proteins, which are probably cross-linked, are common in the cuticle and epicuticle of filarial parasites and other nematode species. We have investigated the possible involvement of transglutaminase (TGase)-catalyzed reactions in the development of Onchocerca volvulus fourth-stage larvae (L4) by testing the effects of TGase inhibitors on(More)
Comparison of the fine structural features of guinea pig adrenocortical cells as seen in thin sections with those revealed by freeze-fracture confirms the structural appearance of steroid-secreting cells as interpreted from thin sections and reveals significant new features of the membranous organelles. Smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum appears as a(More)
The isolation and characterization of a recombinant cDNA clone (OV7) expressing an antigen present in Onchocerca volvulus infective larvae and adult stages is described. Using chimpanzee antiserum generated against irradiated infective larvae, we isolated a cDNA clone from a lambda gt11 cDNA expression library derived from adult O. volvulus mRNA. The open(More)
A pool of sera from individuals classified as putatively immune (PI) to Onchocerca volvulus infection was employed in the screening of a fourth-stage larval cDNA expression library. A highly immunogenic clone, encoding the Ov 53/80 protein, was identified. The full length cDNA of clone 4.21 contained 2527 nucleotides encoding 769 amino acids of which 100(More)
Friend erythroleukemia cells, grown in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide for 3 d, synthesize unequal amounts of the two chains (alpha and beta) of spectrin with approximately 15-30% more beta than alpha spectrin. When cells were ruptured by nitrogen cavitation, nascent alpha and beta spectrin were found to be associated with a membranous cell fraction and(More)