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This paper describes the £120M UK ‘e-Science’ (http://www.research-councils.ac.uk/and http://www.escience-grid.org.uk) initiative and begins by defining what is meant by the term e-Science. The majority of the £120M, some £75M, is funding large-scale e-Science pilot projects in many areas of science and engineering. The infrastructure needed to support such(More)
After some remarks on the fundamental physical nature of information, Bennett and Fredkin's ideas of reversible computation are introduced. This leads on to the suggestions of Benioff and Feynman as to the possibility of a new type of essentially ‘quantum computers’. If we can build such devices, Deutsch showed that ‘quantum parallelism’ leads to new(More)
This paper previews the imminent flood of scientific data expected from the next generation of experiments, simulations, sensors and satellites. In order to be exploited by search engines and data mining software tools, such experimental data needs to be annotated with relevant metadata giving information as to provenance, content, conditions and so on. The(More)
Here we describe the requirements of an e-Infrastructure to enable faster, better, and different scientific research capabilities. We use two application exemplars taken from the United Kingdom's e-Science Programme to illustrate these requirements and make the case for a service-oriented infrastructure. We provide a brief overview of the UK "plug-and-play(More)
After a definition of e-science and the Grid, the paper begins with an overview of the technological context of Grid developments. NASA's Information Power Grid is described as an early example of a 'prototype production Grid'. The discussion of e-science and the Grid is then set in the context of the UK e-Science Programme and is illustrated with reference(More)
The enormous contribution of Richard Feynman to modern physics is well known, both to teaching through his famous Feynman Lectures on Physics, and to research with his Feynman diagram approach to quantum ® eld theory and his path integral formulation of quantum mechanics. Less well known perhaps is his long-standing interest in the physics of computation(More)
Recent Grid projects, such as the Globus Project, provide a set of useful services such as authentication and remote access to resources, and information services to discover and query such remote resources. Unfortunately, these services may not be compatible with the commodity technologies used for application development by the software engineers and(More)
For decades, computer scientists have tried to teach computers to think like human experts. Until recently, most of those efforts have failed to come close to generating the creative insights and solutions that seem to come naturally to the best researchers, doctors, and engineers. But now, Tony Hey, a VP of Microsoft Research, says we're witnessing the(More)