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Dinucleotide CA repeat sequences in the human genome have been shown to be highly polymorphic due to variation in the length of the repeat-containing segment. Therefore, these markers can serve as anchor loci in the construction of a high-resolution genetic map of the human genome. In this study, we improved the efficiency of typing dinucleotide repeats(More)
We recently reported a new X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) disorder in a four-generation family of Dutch descent. Features included Dandy-Walker malformation, basal ganglia disease, and seizures. Twenty-six family members, including two living affected males and two obligate carriers, were available for study. No evidence of linkage was observed between(More)
An unusual expression of a putative squamous cell marker, small proline-rich protein (spr1), in mucociliary epithelial cells of conducting airways was demonstrated in a serum-free culture system. A cDNA clone was isolated from the cDNA library of monkey tracheobronchial epithelial (TBE) cells by differential hybridization. This cDNA clone, MT5, exhibited(More)
Vitamin A (retinol) treatment induces (and/or enhances) mucous cell differentiation and alters keratin gene expression in cultured airway epithelial cells of human and nonhuman primate origin. We observed that retinol greatly reduced the synthesis of keratins 5, 6, 14, 16, and 17, but slightly enhanced keratins 7, 8, 10, 13, 15, 18, and 19. These changes(More)
Tertiary trisomy, or double trisomy, is a rare occurrence. We present two individuals with a previously unreported tertiary trisomy for chromosomes 5p and 21q in an eight-generation pedigree. Their phenotypes are compared with other partial trisomies of either 5p or 21q from the literature. The propositus was diagnosed with trisomy 21 at 2 years of age(More)
Keratin protein expression during the development of Rhesus monkey conducting airway epithelium was investigated by both biochemical and immunohistochemical methods. Keratin proteins were extracted from tracheal and intrapulmonary airway tissues of fetal (at 80- and 140-day gestational ages), neonatal, and adult animals. Using immunoblot analyses and(More)
We report on a family with X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) and severe spastic paraplegia. Appearance is normal but there is severe involvement of the lower limbs (affected relatives never walked), with minimal involvement of the upper limbs and unusual MRI findings including macrogyria, white matter hypoplasia, lack of myelination and a markedly(More)
Chorionic Villous Biopsy (CVS) for diagnosis of XLP was undertaken at 10 weeks gestation in an obligate carrier. The fetus was found to be male by cytogenetic analysis. XLP (Xq25-q26) is closely linked to the RFLP markers DXS10, DXS37 and DXS42, but only DXS10 (distal to XLP) was informative for prenatal diagnosis in this family. RFLP analysis using this(More)
A primary elimination channel of the chlorine molecule in the one-photon dissociation of SOCl2 at 248 nm was investigated using cavity ring-down absorption spectroscopy (CRDS). By means of spectral simulation, the ratio of the vibrational population in the v = 0, 1, and 2 levels was evaluated to be 1 : (0.10 ± 0.02) : (0.009 ± 0.005), corresponding to a(More)
A family in which 6 males have X-linked mental retardation has been studied with polymorphic DNA probes. The males differ from unaffected males only in impaired intellect and in smaller head size. The gene that causes mental retardation in the family appears to be located in band Xq21 on the basis of linkage with 3 markers: DXS250, DXS345 and DXS3 (theta(More)