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A liquid chromatographic (LC) method for determining deoxynivalenol (DON) in white flour, whole wheat flour, and bran at or above the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory level of 1 microgram/g was evaluated by an interlaboratory study. Test samples of processed wheat (flour and bran) were extracted by blending with acetonitrile-water (84 + 16).(More)
Oxidative stress is a leading cause of neuronal damage in ischemic stroke. Melatonin may play a role in the antioxidant response. Melatonin and its metabolites may be involved in the modulation of oxidative stress in human acute stroke. No data are available in humans to establish this relationship. In this context, on the first and the fifth days(More)
The fungus Fusarium verticillioides has been found on corn and sorghum, so it is possible that one or more of these toxins may be found in corn products such as breakfast cereals and syrup prepared from sorghum. Published methods when applied to syrups spiked with fumonisins gave low recoveries, less than 50%. A method was therefore developed which would be(More)
Between 2003 and 2005, a total of 11,716 samples were collected and analysed to determine the level of pesticides residues. Multi-residue methods (MRMs) capable of simultaneously determining 250 pesticides were used. Of the 11,716 samples, 89.1% had no detectable residues and 1.7% had violative residues. The detection rates by commodity group were 11.4,(More)
We performed first-principles calculations to investigate the energetic, electronic and optical properties of bundled armchair and zigzag carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The nanotubes are assumed to be aligned in a hexagonal closed-packed array in the bundle. The total energy and electronic band structure show stronger dependence on the orientation of the tube for(More)
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