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Rising interest in the mechanism and function of the proteasomes and the ubiquitin system revealed that it is hard to find any aspect of the cellular metabolic network that is not directly or indirectly affected by the degradation system. This includes the cell cycle, the "quality control" of newly synthesized proteins (ERAD), transcription factor(More)
Improvements in health care and lifestyle have led to an elevated lifespan and increased focus on age-associated diseases, such as neurodegeneration, cardiovascular disease, frailty and arteriosclerosis. In all these chronic diseases protein, lipid or nucleic acid modifications are involved, including cross-linked and non-degradable aggregates, such as(More)
Lipid peroxidation (LPO) product accumulation in human tissues is a major cause of tissular and cellular dysfunction that plays a major role in ageing and most age-related and oxidative stress-related diseases. The current evidence for the implication of LPO in pathological processes is discussed in this review. New data and literature review are provided(More)
Substantial neurologic morbidity occurs in survivors of premature birth. Premature infants are exposed to partial oxygen pressures that are fourfold higher compared to intrauterine conditions, even if no supplemental oxygen is administered. Here we report that short exposures to nonphysiologic oxygen levels can trigger apoptotic neurodegeneration in the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized neuropathologically by intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) formed of tau-based paired helical filaments (PHFs) and extracellular beta-amyloid plaques. The degree of Alzheimer dementia correlates with the severity of PHFs and NFTs. As an intraneuronal accumulation of oxidatively damaged proteins has been(More)
Oxidatively modified ferritin is selectively recognized and degraded by the 20S proteasome. Concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) higher than 10 micromol/mg of protein are able to prevent proteolytic degradation. Exposure of the protease to high amounts of oxidants (H2O2, peroxynitrite and hypochlorite) inhibits the enzymic activity of the 20S(More)
We have studied the effects of hyperoxia and of cell loading with artificial lipofuscin or ceroid pigment on the postmitotic aging of human lung fibroblast cell cultures. Normobaric hyperoxia (40% oxygen) caused an irreversible senescence-like growth arrest after about 4 wk and shortened postmitotic life span from 1-1/2 years down to 3 months. During the(More)
Oxidative stress in mammalian cells is an inevitable consequence of their aerobic metabolism. Oxidants produce modifications to proteins leading to loss of function (or gain of undesirable function) and very often to an enhanced degradation of the oxidized proteins. For several years it has been known that the proteasome is involved in the degradation of(More)
Protein aggregation seems to be a common feature of several neurodegenerative diseases and to some extent of physiological aging. It is not always clear why protein aggregation takes place, but a disturbance in the homeostasis between protein synthesis and protein degradation seems to be important. The result is the accumulation of modified proteins, which(More)
Protein oxidation in vivo is a natural consequence of aerobic life. Oxygen radicals and other activated oxygen species generated as by-products of cellular metabolism or from environmental sources cause modifications to the amino acids of proteins that generally result in loss of protein function/enzymatic activity. Oxidatively modified proteins can undergo(More)