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The involvement of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in pentazocine (PTZ) transport at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rats was evaluated by means of an in vivo study using the brain uptake index (BUI) method. The amount of radioactivity in the brain was estimated at different intervals (up to 240 s) after carotid injection in rats. The apparent elimination rate(More)
A low absorption in the gastrointestinal tract of hydrophobic pharmaceutical compounds in use today considerably limits their bioavailability, and therefore they are taken in large doses in order to reach the therapeutic plasma concentration, which inevitably results in undesired side effects. In this study, we demonstrate a new nanoparticle approach to(More)
The involvement of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in buprenorphine (BNP) transport at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rats was investigated in vivo by means of both the brain uptake index technique and the brain efflux index technique. P-gp inhibitors, such as cyclosporin A, quinidine and verapamil, enhanced the apparent brain uptake of [3H]BNP by 1.5-fold. The(More)
High cholesterol levels (or hypercholesterolemia) are linked with many diseases, particularly with the risk of coronary heart diseases. Probucol is commonly used to reduce cholesterol in blood. While the effectiveness of this drug highly depends on its solubility, unfortunately, it is nearly insoluble (solubility is 5 ng/mL in water). Therefore, it is(More)
PURPOSE Crystalline complex was formed between indomethacin (IDM) and lidocaine (LDC) at molar ratio 2:1 from ethanol solution. The purpose of this study was elucidation of an interactive manner between IDM and LDC in ethanol solution and mechanism of the complex formation through solid state as well as liquid state. METHODS The chemical and physical(More)
Naloxone, a potent and specific opioid antagonist, has been shown in previous studies to have an influx clearance across the rat blood-brain barrier (BBB) two times greater than the efflux clearance. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the influx transport of naloxone across the rat BBB using the brain uptake index (BUI) method. The initial(More)
The effect of permeation enhancers on the percutaneous absorption of pentazocine (PTZ) was investigated in excised hairless mice using Franz diffusion cells in vitro. The enhancing effect on the percutaneous absorption of PTZ from the isopropyl myristate (IPM) solution system was improved with glyceryl monocaprylate (GEFA-C(8)), which is a kind of glycerol(More)
The aim of this investigation was to assess the applicability of lipid bilayer alteration using a combination of isopropyl myristate (IPM) and glyceryl monocaprylate (GEFA-C(8)) to the enhancement of pentazocine (PTZ) permeation through hairless mouse skin. The skin permeability of PTZ was enhanced by increasing the concentration of GEFA-C(8) up to 10% w/w(More)
Improvement of solubility for fullerene (C60) was studied by cogrinding with cycloamyloses using a ball mill in the solid state. Cycloamylose is a novel cyclic alpha-1,4-glucan produced from synthetic amylose by enzymatic reaction. Although sample solutions showed a pale yellow for the initial period of cogrinding with cycloamyloses and C60, the color(More)
The efflux transport of pentazocine (PTZ) from the brain across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was investigated using the Brain Efflux Index method. PTZ was eliminated with the apparent elimination half-life of 13.0 min after microinjection into the parietal cortex area 2 region of the rat brain. The apparent efflux clearance of PTZ across the BBB was 137(More)