T. F. McCaul

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Coxiella burnetii is a gram-variable obligate intracellular bacterium which carries out its development cycle in the phagolysosome of eucaryotic cells. Ultrastructural analysis of C. burnetii, in situ and after Renografin purification, by transmission electron microscopy of lead-stained thin sections has revealed extreme pleomorphism as demonstrated by two(More)
Coxiella burnetii, phase I and II, cells cultivated in the yolk sac of chicken embryos were separated from host cell components by two cycles of isopycnic Renografin gradient centrifugation. Initial steps in the purification of viable C. burnetii involved differential centrifugation and sedimentation through an aqueous solution of 30% sucrose and 7.6%(More)
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces type 4 fimbriae which promote adhesion to epithelial cells and are associated with a form of surface translocation called twitching motility. Transposon mutagenesis was used to identify loci required for fimbrial assembly or function by screening for mutants that lack the spreading colony morphology(More)
Coxiella burnetii morphological cell types were fractionated into large-cell variant cell walls, two fractions of small-cell variant cell walls, and one fraction of small-cell variant whole cells. Based on the contents of peptidoglycan (PG)-constituents and the yields of the sodium dodecyl sulfate-insoluble PG-protein complex (PG-PC) from cell walls, the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the antigenic structures of the morphologically distinct cells of the Coxiella burnetii developmental cycle. Postembedding immunoelectron microscopy with polyclonal antibodies produced in rabbits to (i) phase I cells, (ii) a chloroform-methanol residue fraction of cells, (iii) the cell walls (CW) of large and small(More)
The native Australian marsupial Phascolarctos cinereus, otherwise known as the koala, is prone to infection by the obligate intracellular parasite Chlamydia psittaci, which causes ocular 'pink eye' and urogenital 'dirty tail' diseases. Several chlamydial DNA probes to both chromosomal and plasmid sequences were used to type by Southern blot analysis 51(More)
An in vitro ultrastructural study was carried out on tissue cultures (J774, murine macrophage-like tumour cell line, and BHK-21, baby hamster kidney cell line) persistently infected with C. burnetii to investigate whether the events of cellular differentiation could be visualized. At a given stage of the developmental cycle, a proportion of the cells within(More)
Ultrastructural changes in a liver biopsy obtained for diagnostic purposes from a patient with suspected non-A, non-B hepatitis were consistent with hepatitis and included dilatation and disaggregation of the endoplasmic reticulum, hepatocyte disarray, and variations in mitochondrial size. In addition, some foci of hepatocytes showed atypical cytoplasmic(More)
Ultrastructural changes (tubuloreticular structures and tube and ring shaped forms) previously described in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are described for the first time in the lymph nodes and circulating lymphocytes of patients with persistent lymphadenopathy. These observations support the view that the persistent(More)
Ultrastructural changes were observed in 23 consecutive patients who died from fulminant hepatic failure due to hepatitis B virus (4 cases), sporadic non-A, non-B (7), or paracetamol (acetaminophen) overdose (12) and in 3 patients with subacute hepatic necrosis of unknown cause. The findings are described in detail in 12 of these patients. Fatal fulminant(More)