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It has been proposed that salicylic acid acts as an endogenous signal responsible for inducing systemic acquired resistance in plants. The contribution of salicylic acid to systemic acquired resistance was investigated in transgenic tobacco plants harboring a bacterial gene encoding salicylate hydroxylase, which converts salicylic acid to catechol.(More)
Transgenic tobacco and Arabidopsis thaliana expressing the bacterial enzyme salicylate hydroxylase cannot accumulate salicylic acid (SA). This defect not only makes the plants unable to induce systemic acquired resistance, but also leads to increased susceptibility to viral, fungal, and bacterial pathogens. The enhanced susceptibility extends even to(More)
Insulin-like substance has been found within the nervous system. In the rat, preproinsulin II mRNA was shown within the brain and preproinsulin I mRNA within the retina. The present study demonstrates the presence of preproinsulin mRNAs within the 15, 17 and 19 day gestational age fetal rat brain, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (DRG), employing RNA(More)
The accumulation and release of [3H]-propranolol and [3H]-atenolol were examined in synaptosomes from rat cerebral cortex. Synaptosomes accumulated 20 pmol propranolol and 0.6 pmol atenolol mg-1 protein when incubated at 30 degrees C with radiolabelled drugs (0.1 microM). Exposure of propranolol-loaded synaptosomes to elevated K+, Rb+ or Cs+ evoked a(More)
Previous studies suggest that the hypotensive response to centrally administered propranolol results from a drug-induced release of norepinephrine which then stimulates central alpha adrenergic receptors and, as a consequence, arterial pressure is lowered. Inasmuch as the C1 area of the rostral ventrolateral medulla is known to contain noradrenergic nerve(More)
Propranolol is accumulated at several adrenergic neuroeffector junctions after chronic oral administration in the dog, and is released subsequently during sympathetic nerve stimulation. In the present study, the accumulation, subcellular localization and release of propranolol was examined in rat cortical synaptosomes. Synaptosomal propranolol accumulation(More)
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