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Field surveys of malaria were performed in southern Vietnam by using an acridine orange staining method for rapid diagnosis and a PCR-based, microtiter plate hybridization method for accurate diagnosis. A total of three patients of Plasmodium ovale infection were detected, but PCR-amplified DNA of the P. ovale isolates from two of the patients did not(More)
Establishing the current status of an infectious disease forms the starting point of any attempt at parasite control. Although data on the prevalence and distribution of lymphatic filariasis exist for Vietnam from the early 1900s, the present situation regarding the disease is less well-known. Here, we review the results of recent surveys conducted by the(More)
A series of O-alkyl and O-acyl flavonoid derivatives was synthesized in high efficiency. Alkylation and acylation of 5-hydroxyflavonoids showed that the low reactivity hydroxyl group, 5-OH, well reacted with strong reagents whereas with weaker reagents, the different products were obtained dependently on structural characteristic of ring C of respective(More)
We performed in vitro drug susceptibility assays of ten Plasmodium falciparum isolates collected from Vict Nam in 1995. All isolates were found to be highly sensitive to artesunate, dihydro-artemisinin and artemisinin. They were also sensitive to quinine. All of them were resistant to chloroquine and mefloquine in vitro. This study provides the baseline(More)
The relationship between immunoglobulin allotypes and leprosy was studied in 91 unrelated patients and 100 healthy controls from Vietnam. Twenty Vietnamese patients with tuberculosis were also typed for the Gm, A2m and Km allotypes. The results were compared with those from the healthy controls. No significant association was found for the allotypes(More)
The sex pheromone of the cabbage looper Trichoplusia ni Hubner, (Z)-7-dodecen-1-yl acetate, was synthesized via a bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction between the Grignard reagent of the protected bromohydrin with (Z)-2-hepten-1-yl acetate in the presence of CuI catalyst as a key step. An efficient synthetic method of preparation of the pheromone(More)
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