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O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is responsible for removal of O6-alkylguanine from DNA induced by alkylating mutagens/carcinogens. To analyze the involvement of O6-alkylguanine in the generation and MGMT in avoidance of various genotoxic effects of alkylating agents, we transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells that lack MGMT activity with(More)
O6-Methylguanine (O6-MeG) is induced in DNA by methylating environmental carcinogens and various cytostatic drugs. It is repaired by O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). If not repaired prior to replication, the lesion generates gene mutations and leads to cell death, sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), chromosomal aberrations and malignant(More)
Bovine lymphocytes infected with the parasite Theileria parva continuously secrete a growth factor that is essential for their proliferation in vitro and also constitutively express interleukin 2 receptors on their surface. Dilution of the secreted growth factor, caused by culturing cells at low density, results in retardation of culture growth. Human(More)
The main N-alkylation products induced in DNA by methylating mutagens (7-methylguanine, 3-methyladenine, 3-methylguanine) are removed by excision repair involving, in the first step of the repair pathway, N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase (MPG). To elucidate the significance of excision repair of N-alkylpurines in the defense of cells against alkylating agents(More)
O6-methyl- and O6-ethylguanine are the major premutagenic and precarcinogenic lesions induced in DNA by monofunctional alkylating agents, albeit formed in minor amounts. The involvement of these lesions in SCE and aberration formation is less clear. We have analyzed the contribution of O6-alkylguanine to SCE and aberration formation, as well as its toxic(More)
N-Alkylpurines induced in DNA by simple monofunctional alkylating agents are known to be cytotoxic and possibly indirectly mutagenic. These adducts are removed by the ubiquitous N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase (MPG) in a multistep repair pathway. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell clones expressing 2- to 16-fold enhanced levels of MPG activity were isolated(More)
Using the technique of neutral elution through polycarbonate filters as a measure of DNA length, and hence of the number of double-strand breaks incurred as a result of radiation damage, we found that normal human fibroblasts rejoin 50% of all breaks within only 3 min (37 degrees C). This fast rejoining was impaired in fibroblasts from one patient with(More)
We have previously shown that interleukin 2 receptors (IL2R) are constitutively expressed on the surface of bovine lymphocytes infected with the parasite Theileria parva (Dobbelaere, D.A.E. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 1988. 85: 4730). In the present work we characterized these further and showed that IL2R (Tac antigen) gene expression depended on the(More)
Thymocytes were irradiated with fast electrons up to 6 Mrad in the presence and absence of oxygen. The cells were treated before irradiation with a cold shock to prevent any repair rejection during irradiation. The DNA isolated subsequently was analysed for double-strand breaks (dsb), actual single-strand breaks (ssb) and alkali-induced strand breaks(More)