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Prodrugs of zidovudine (AZT) have been synthesized in an effort to enhance its uptake by HIV-1 infected cells and its anti-HIV activity. The 5'-OH function of AZT was functionalized with various enzymatically labile alkyl groups using specific procedures. The prodrug moieties included 5'-O-carbonate, 5'-O-carbamate, and 5'-O-ester. Analogues of the(More)
The purpose of this work was to evaluate biliary phosphatidylcholine (PC) secretion after intravenous infusion of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-[3H]phosphatidylcholine (HDL-[3H]PC) in rats and to study the effect of infusion of dehydrocholic and cholic acids, which, respectively, inhibit and stimulate biliary secretion of PC. The data obtained in this(More)
1. The objective of this study was to compare in cultured human hepatocytes or Hep G2 cells, changes in the fate of unesterified low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol induced by crilvastatin, a new cholesterol lowering drug and a reference statin, simvastatin. 2. The experiments were carried out for 20 h, each well contained 4.2 x 10(5)/cm2 Hep G2 cells(More)
The purpose of this work was to determine the effect of exogenous unesterified cholesterol provided in either artificial liposomes or LDL on bile salt synthesis by isolated rat hepatocytes. Rates of de novo synthesis were determined in the presence of 300 or 600 microM taurocholate, 600 microM taurodehydrocholate, cholate, deoxycholate or chenodeoxycholate.(More)
Liposomes have been prepared with a polymerised core. Drug release and gastrointestinal (GI) degradation of liposomes with this polymerised core was slightly less important than those of classical liposomes. Vincristine, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and methotrexate (MTX) have been incorporated into the liposomes, and studies carried out using the differentiated(More)
Synthetic glucocorticoids, such as dexamethasone, and diets enriched with unsaturated fatty acids have been shown to stimulate hepatic bile salt synthesis. This fact led us to investigate the effects of dexamethasone and linoleic acid supplementation on bile secretion. Cholesterol (Ch) and phospholipid secretions are bile acid dependent. Ch and phospholipid(More)
New 5'-O-carbonate prodrugs of zidovudine (AZT) have been synthesized in order to enhance its uptake by HIV-1 infected cells, to improve its anti-HIV potency, and to optimize the intramolecular cyclic rearrangement process related to the 5'-O-(4-hydroxybutyl) carbonate moiety. Evidence of this prodrug rearrangement was confirmed by comparison of the serum(More)
Crilvastatin is a drug from the pyrrolidone family that had been shown to induce non-competitive inhibition of rat hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase activity in vitro. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of crilvastatin on the hepatic metabolism of cholesterol in rats. Crilvastatin increased low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol(More)
1. The aim of these experiments was to determine the effect of crilvastatin, a new cholesterol lowering agent, on the metabolism of unesterified low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol by rat freshly isolated hepatocytes. This preclinical model was developed as an alternative to in vivo experiments, to mimic the metabolic effects of a molecule on its(More)
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