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Constitutive relations are fundamental to the solution of problems in continuum mechanics, and are required in the study of, for example, mechanically dominated clinical interventions involving soft biological tissues. Structural continuum constitutive models of arterial layers integrate information about the tissue morphology and therefore allow(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term data of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is scanty. OBJECTIVE Evaluate the long-term efficacy and the complication rate in 80-watt (W) PVP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS 500 consecutive patients with LUTS(More)
The prognosis of prostate cancer is mainly determined by the presence or absence of metastases. Nevertheless, the metastatic pathways in prostate cancer are not entirely understood. Among 19,316 routine autopsies performed from 1967 to 1995 on men older than 40 years of age, the reports from those 1,589 (8.2%) with prostate cancer were analyzed.(More)
BACKGROUND A new, internationally accepted histologic classification of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and a new edition of the TNM staging system were introduced in 1997. In the latter, there was a dramatic change in the pT classification of organ-confined renal cancer in which the break point between category pT1 and pT2 was increased from 2.5 cm to 7 cm. (More)
OBJECTIVES Ongoing oral anticoagulation (OA) contraindicates transurethral electroresection of the prostate. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in patients on ongoing OA with coumarin derivatives, aspirin, or clopidogrel, complaining of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS We(More)
PURPOSE In a preliminary study urine detection of survivin, an integrator of cell death and mitosis, accurately detected bladder cancer. The objectives of this study were to confirm these findings in a large cohort of subjects undergoing cystoscopy, to assess the diagnostic performance of urine survivin and to test whether evaluation of urine survivin adds(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that voided urinary levels of nuclear matrix protein 22 (NMP22) would add to the predictive ability of urine cytology in the diagnosis, staging and grading of bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of different NMP22 cut-points. MATERIALS NMP22 level and barbotage cytology were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety, efficacy and short-term outcome of a new 980 nm high-intensity diode (HiDi) laser (Limmer Laser, Berlin, Germany) system in comparison to the diode-pumped solid-state laser high-performance system (HPS; GreenLight(TM), AMS, Minnetonka, MI, USA) for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in a prospective non-randomized(More)
PURPOSE We prospectively evaluated the value of nuclear matrix protein 22 (NMP22dagger) and cytology in the diagnosis of bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed NMP22 in voided urine from 235 patients before cystoscopy. Of the patients 130 had transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder and subsequently underwent surgery. In a subset of 200(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the intermediate-term clinical efficacy and the rate of complications in 80 W photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) with the potassium-titanyl-phosphate laser (Greenlight, (AMS, Minnetonka, MN, USA) compared with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in a prospective non-randomised two-centre study. PATIENTS AND(More)