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Bladder cancer is a heterogeneous disease with a variable natural history. At one end of the spectrum, low-grade Ta tumors have a low progression rate and require initial endoscopic treatment and surveillance but rarely present a threat to the patient. At the other extreme, high-grade tumors have a high malignant potential associated with significant(More)
Mollaret's meningitis (MM) is a rare disease of benign nature characterized by recurrent episodes of aseptic meningitis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination remains the sole diagnostic modality. Eighteen CSF samples from 14 patients were studied along with the clinical data. Specimens were prepared by cytocentrifugation and Millipore filtration and were(More)
Florid von Brunn nests may mimic the nested variant of urothelial carcinoma. We examined formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from 21 cases of florid von Brunn nests and 11 cases of nested variant of urothelial carcinoma. Morphologic features were recorded in detail. Also, cases were stained with monoclonal antibodies against MIB-1, p53, p27, and(More)
PURPOSE Telomeres help maintain chromosomal integrity. Dysfunctional telomeres can cause genetic instability in vitro and an increased cancer incidence in telomerase knock out mouse models. We recently reported that telomere shortening was a prevalent alteration in human prostate, pancreas, and breast cancer precursor lesions. In the present study, we(More)
Polyoma (BK) virus-type cellular changes are occasionally reported in urine specimens, yet rarely detected in histologic sections of bladder biopsies. A total of 762 predominantly voided urine specimens with a cytologic diagnosis of polyoma virus-type change were retrieved from the cytopathology files of the Johns Hopkins Hospital over a 15-year period(More)
PURPOSE Pathological stage has been the most widely used prognosticator for evaluating surgically managed cases of renal cell carcinoma. Minimally invasive surgical approaches are being increasingly used to treat small masses for which traditionally pathological information is lacking (morcellation) or absent (radio frequency ablation or cryoablation).(More)
Since the discovery of RNAi and microRNAs more than 10 years ago, much research has focused on the development of systems that usurp microRNA pathways to downregulate gene expression in mammalian cells. One of these systems makes use of endogenous microRNA pri-cursors that are expressed from polymerase II promoters where the mature microRNA sequence is(More)
PURPOSE We compared pathological evaluation and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy at our institution with morcellated vs intact specimen extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective evaluation of 57 consecutive patients undergoing radical and simple transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy was(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and implement an electronic, interactive, case-based cytopathology educational system for second-year medical students. STUDY DESIGN Ten different learning modules, corresponding to various organ systems in pathology and encompassing the essence of clinical cytopathology, were developed. The modules are software-based, menu-driven,(More)